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#SVML Sovereign Metals LTD – Capabilities Strengthened with Key Appointments

Sovereign Metals Limited (ASX:SVM; AIM:SVML) (the Company or Sovereign) is pleased to announce three senior appointments and promotions across key legal, permitting, and technical functions in Malawi. The appointments have strengthened the Company’s in-country capabilities as it continues to advance its Kasiya Rutile-Graphite Project (Kasiya).

Mr Maxwell Kazako has been appointed Acting In-Country Manager following the promotion of Frank Eagar to Managing Director. Mr Kazako has a strong background in human resources management, general administration and government relations. He brings over 18 years of experience to the role, having worked across Malawian commerce and industry, including for First Merchant Bank and Malawian Airlines.

Ms Natasha Namisengo has been appointed General Legal Counsel. Ms Namisengo is a qualified lawyer with a Bachelor of Laws (Hons) and is admitted to practice in the Supreme Court of Malawi. She also holds a Master’s in Business Administration (MBA). Ms Namisengo has prior experience acting as legal counsel and in company secretary roles in Malawi.

Mr Pilirani Bangula has been appointed Legal Counsel – Compliance. Mr Bangula is a qualified lawyer with 12 years of experience as a legal practitioner, including five years specifically as in-house legal counsel. Mr Bangula has wide-ranging experience in compliance, project oversight and risk management, contract negotiation, and policy drafting.

A group of people standing together Description automatically generated

Figure 1: (left to right) Mr Maxwell Kazako, Acting In-Country Manager, Ms Natasha Namisengo, General Legal Counsel and Mr Pilirani Bangula, Legal Counsel – Compliance

The Company has also promoted Ms Tupoche Kayange to Laboratory Manager in line with its employee training and development program. Ms Kayange has been instrumental in developing and managing the Company’s laboratory facility in Lilongwe, Malawi. Recently, Ms Kayange led the facility’s expansion and commissioning of new equipment to support bulk sample programs that are currently underway.

A person in a white coat Description automatically generated

Figure 2: Ms Tupoche Kayange, Laboratory Manager at the Company’s facility in Lilongwe, Malawi

Sovereign understands Kasiya’s significant potential to deliver material and long-lasting social and economic benefits for Malawi, including fiscal returns, job creation, skills transfer, and sustainable community development initiatives. Sovereign also recognises the importance of training programs to enhance the capabilities of its employees. The Company has structured training and skills transfer programs, covering on-the-job training for full-time employees and programs for local graduates and interns.

These appointments and promotions align with the Company’s initial targets, ensuring equal opportunity and fairness in employing a diverse workforce and Malawian nationals where possible. Sovereign employs over 80 individuals in Malawi, with at least 30% of the staff being women.

 

ENQUIRIES

Frank Eagar (South Africa/Malawi)
Managing Director

+61(8) 9322 6322

Sam Cordin (Perth)
+61(8) 9322 6322

Sapan Ghai (London)
+44 207 478 3900

 

 

Nominated Adviser on AIM and Joint Broker

 

SP Angel Corporate Finance LLP

+44 20 3470 0470

Ewan Leggat

Charlie Bouverat

Harry Davies-Ball

 

 

Joint Brokers

 

Berenberg

+44 20 3207 7800

Matthew Armitt

 

Jennifer Lee

 

 

 

Buchanan

+ 44 20 7466 5000

 

Forward Looking Statement

This release may include forward-looking statements, which may be identified by words such as “expects”, “anticipates”, “believes”, “projects”, “plans”, and similar expressions. These forward-looking statements are based on Sovereign’s expectations and beliefs concerning future events. Forward looking statements are necessarily subject to risks, uncertainties and other factors, many of which are outside the control of Sovereign, which could cause actual results to differ materially from such statements. There can be no assurance that forward-looking statements will prove to be correct. Sovereign makes no undertaking to subsequently update or revise the forward-looking statements made in this release, to reflect the circumstances or events after the date of that release.

#FCM First Class Metals Plc – SPODUMENE IN ALL NINE ZIGZAG DRILL INTERSECTIONS

First Class Metals PLC (“First Class Metals” “FCM” or the “Company”) the UK listed metals exploration company seeking economic metal discoveries across its extensive Canadian Schreiber-Hemlo, Sunbeam and Zigzag land holdings is pleased to announce that spodumene-bearing pegmatites have been intersected in every targeted hole drilled at First Class Metals’ Zigzag lithium Property. The identified mineralization remains open along strike and down dip.

HIGHLIGHTS

·      Spodumene (a high-grade lithium mineral – Li[AlSi 2O6].) bearing pegmatite intersected in all nine targeted holes drilled.

·      Over 50m of pegmatite intersections recorded (see figure 1 for area of drilling)

·      Multiple mineralised pegmatite zones were intersected in holes targeting 400m of the known 800m strike.

·      Pegmatite thickness exceeded 5m thick, down hole, and the potentially multiphase mineralised system remains open along strike and down dip / plunge.

·      All holes are being systematically logged and marked up for sampling before cutting / sample collection.

First Class is pleased to announce the completion of the final hole of its inaugural drill programme at the Company’s Zigzag Property (the “Property”), located in the Seymour-Falcon corridor in northwestern Ontario, Canada. The drill programme included 9 holes targeting the pegmatite bearing zone and one hole (the tenth, final hole) being a scissor to ZIG-23-06, to confirm the interpreted dip of the structure. The 10-hole, 450-metre drill programme was completed successfully on the 16th December within budget and time schedules

 

Photo 1 Drill rig completing FCM-23-09, step back to FCM-23-05

The drilling targeted the 400m central section of the property which had been subject to a non-mechanised stripping and channel sampling programme reporting up to 2.36% lithium (Li2O) over 5.5m (See RNS 28th November), see figure 1. Historic drill holes also reported an intersection grading 1.08% Li2O over 6.1m from 12.45m and a separate intersection of 399.8ppm Ta2O 5over 2.92m from 15.50m.

 

Figure 1Drilling covered the area of channel sampling and ‘grabs’ on roughly 50 m centres (note historic grid lines are on 200ft (60m) centres).

Visual observations undertaken whilst logging the core have recorded spodumene-bearing pegmatite in all holes which targeted the pegmatite, (see Photo 2-drill hole FCM-23-01) The core is now being logged in detail then it will be ‘marked-up’ for cutting (sampling), it is anticipated that circa 100 samples will be sent for analyses in Thunder Bay. Results from the initial batch are expected in early Q1 2024.

 

A group of rectangular objects in a wooden box Description automatically generated

Photo  2-Shallow intersection of pegmatite hosting spodumene (pale green ‘blades’ in hole ZIG-23-01).

Marc J Sale Chief Executive Officer Commented-

“The completion of the drilling at Zigzag has consolidated the undertaking to shareholders / investors that FCM would bring 4 properties to ‘drill ready status’ and drill one this season. I am extremely pleased with the (visual) indications of the drill core and the robust intersections that I have seen so far. I look forward with positive anticipation to the first results. We are already planning the next stages of exploration.”

For further information, please contact:

 

James Knowles, Executive Chairman

JamesK@Firstclassmetalsplc.com

07488 362641

Marc J Sale, CEO

MarcS@Firstclassmetalsplc.com

07711 093532

 

First Equity Limited

(Financial Adviser & Broker)

 

Jonathan Brown

0207 3742212

Jason Robertson

0207 3742212

#SVML Sovereign Metals LTD – Result of AGM

The Annual General Meeting (AGM) of Sovereign Metals Limited (Company) (ASX:SVM, AIM:SVML) was held today, 24 November 2023, at 10.00am (AWST).

The resolutions voted on were in accordance with the Notice of AGM previously advised to shareholders. All resolutions were decided on and carried by way of poll.

In accordance with Section 251AA of the Corporations Act 2001 and ASX Listing Rule 3.13.2, the details of the poll and proxies received in respect of each resolution are set out in the below summary.

ENQUIRIES

Dylan Browne

Company Secretary
+61(8) 9322 6322

info@sovereignmetals.com

 

Nominated Adviser on AIM and Joint Broker

 

SP Angel Corporate Finance LLP

+44 20 3470 0470

Ewan Leggat

Charlie Bouverat

Harry Davies-Ball

 

 

Joint Brokers

 

Berenberg

+44 20 3207 7800

Matthew Armitt

 

Jennifer Lee

 

 

 

Tavistock PR

+44 20 7920 3150

 

Resolution

Number of Proxy Votes

Number and Percentage of Votes cast on the Poll

Voting Method and Result

For

Against

Abstain

Proxy’s Discretion

For

Against

Abstain

1.    Remuneration Report

5,664,686

22,000

19,101,151

2,471,598

9,795,986
(99.8%)

22,000
(0.2%)

19,101,151

Carried on vote by poll

2.    Re-election of Director – Mr Ian Middlemas

23,241,037

1,546,800

2,471,598

27,372,337
(95%)

1,546,800
(5%)

Carried on vote by poll

3.    Re-election of Director – Dr Julian Stephens

23,241,037

1,546,800

2,471,598

27,372,337
(95%)

1,546,800
(5%)

Carried on vote by poll

4.    Renewal of Employee Incentive Equity Plan

19,359,686

10,000

5,418,151

2,471,598

23,490,986
(99.9%)

10,000
(0.1%)

5,418,151

Carried on vote by poll

5.    Issue of Performance Rights to a Director – Mr Benjamin Stoikovich

4,116,886

1,569,800

19,101,151

2,471,598

8,248,186
(84%)

1,569,800
(16%)

19,101,151

Carried on vote by poll

6.    Issue of Performance Rights to a Director – Mr Mark Pearce

4,116,886

1,569,800

19,101,151

2,471,598

8,248,186
(84%)

1,569,800
(16%)

19,101,151

Carried on vote by poll

7.    Issue of Performance Rights to a Director – Mr Nigel Jones

4,116,886

1,569,800

19,101,151

2,471,598

8,248,186
(84%)

1,569,800
(16%)

19,101,151

Carried on vote by poll

8.    Approval of Additional 10% Placement Capacity

24,715,837

72,000

2,471,598

28,847,137
(99.8%)

72,000
(0.2%)

Carried on vote by poll

 

Issue of Performance Rights

Following the shareholder approval of resolutions 5 to 7 today, the Company has issued 1,750,000 unlisted performance rights to Directors as disclosed in the Notice of AGM as follows:

·      700,000 performance rights subject to the “Grant of Mining Licence Milestone” that have no exercise price and expire 31 March 2026; and

·      1,050,000 performance rights subject to the “Final Investment Decision Milestone” that have no exercise price and expire 30 June 2026.

Following the issue of these performance rights, the Company has the following securities on issue:

·      563,003,401 fully paid ordinary shares;

·      34,549,598 unlisted options exercisable at A$0.535 each on or before 21 July 2024;

·      9,110,000 unlisted performance rights subject to the “Definitive Feasibility Study Milestone” expiring on or before 31 October 2025;

·      3,150,000 unlisted performance rights subject to the “Grant of Mining Licence Milestone” that have no exercise price and expire 31 March 2026; and

·      4,150,000 unlisted performance rights subject to the “Final Investment Decision Milestone” that have no exercise price and expire 30 June 2026.

Change of Directors’ Interest Notices are provided below.

Appendix 3Y

 

Change of Director’s Interest Notice

 

Information or documents not available now must be given to ASX as soon as available.  Information and documents given to ASX become ASX’s property and may be made public.

Introduced 30/09/01  Amended 01/01/11

 

Name of entity                  SOVEREIGN METALS LIMITED

ABN                                    71 120 833 427

A)              

We (the entity) give ASX the following information under listing rule 3.19A.2 and as agent for the director for the purposes of section 205G of the Corporations Act. 

 

Name of Director

Benjamin Stoikovich

Date of last notice

29 September 2023

 

Part 1 – Change of director’s relevant interests in securities

In the case of a trust, this includes interests in the trust made available by the responsible entity of the trust

 

Note: In the case of a company, interests which come within paragraph (i) of the definition of “notifiable interest of a director” should be disclosed in this part.

 

Direct or indirect interest

Direct and Indirect

 

Nature of indirect interest

(including registered holder)

Note: Provide details of the circumstances giving rise to the relevant interest.

 

Selwyn Capital Limited (beneficial interest)

 

Date of change

24 November 2023

No. of securities held prior to change

(a)   4,190,000

(b)   600,000

(c)   –

(d)   –

Class

(a)   Ordinary Fully Paid Shares

(b)   Unlisted Performance Rights subject to the “Definitive Feasibility Study Milestone” expiring 31 October 2025

(c)   Unlisted Performance Rights subject to the Grant of Mining Licence Milestone” expiring 31 March 2026

(d)   Unlisted Performance Rights subject to the “Final Investment Decision Milestone” expiring 30 June 2026

Number acquired

(c)   350,000

(d)   500,000

Number disposed

Not applicable

Value/Consideration

Note: If consideration is non-cash, provide details and estimated valuation

 

Not applicable – see nature of change below

No. of securities held after change

(a)   4,190,000

(b)   600,000

(c)   350,000

(d)   500,000

Nature of change

Example: on-market trade, off-market trade, exercise of options, issue of securities under dividend reinvestment plan, participation in buy-back

Issue of Performance Rights following shareholder approval

 

Part 2 – Change of director’s interests in contracts

 

Note: In the case of a company, interests which come within paragraph (ii) of the definition of “notifiable interest of a director” should be disclosed in this part.

 

Detail of contract

Not applicable

Nature of interest

 

Not applicable

Name of registered holder

(if issued securities)

 

Not applicable

Date of change

Not applicable

No. and class of securities to which interest related prior to change

Note: Details are only required for a contract in relation to which the interest has changed

 

Not applicable

Interest acquired

Not applicable

Interest disposed

Not applicable

Value/Consideration

Note: If consideration is non-cash, provide details and an estimated valuation

 

Not applicable

Interest after change

Not applicable

 

Part 3 – +Closed period

 

Were the interests in the securities or contracts detailed above traded during a +closed period where prior written clearance was required?

No

If so, was prior written clearance provided to allow the trade to proceed during this period?

Not applicable

If prior written clearance was provided, on what date was this provided?

Not applicable

 

Initial notification/Amendment

Initial

LEI

213800NSPXSASTENFQ34

Place of transaction

Australian Securities Exchange (ASX)

 

Appendix 3Y

 

Change of Director’s Interest Notice

 

Information or documents not available now must be given to ASX as soon as available.  Information and documents given to ASX become ASX’s property and may be made public.

Introduced 30/09/01  Amended 01/01/11

 

Name of entity                  SOVEREIGN METALS LIMITED

ABN                                    71 120 833 427

B)              

We (the entity) give ASX the following information under listing rule 3.19A.2 and as agent for the director for the purposes of section 205G of the Corporations Act. 

 

Name of Director

Mark Pearce

Date of last notice

29 September 2023

 

Part 1 – Change of director’s relevant interests in securities

In the case of a trust, this includes interests in the trust made available by the responsible entity of the trust

 

Note: In the case of a company, interests which come within paragraph (i) of the definition of “notifiable interest of a director” should be disclosed in this part.

 

Direct or indirect interest

Direct and Indirect

 

Nature of indirect interest

(including registered holder)

Note: Provide details of the circumstances giving rise to the relevant interest.

 

·  Mr Mark Pearce and Mrs Natasha Pearce <NMLP Family A/C> (trustee and beneficial interest)

·  Apollo Group Pty Ltd (director and indirect shareholder)

·  Crystal Brook Investments Pty Ltd (director and beneficial interest)

 

Date of change

24 November 2023

No. of securities held prior to change

(a)     4,520,842

(b)     300,000

(c)     –

(d)     –

Class

(a)     Ordinary Fully Paid Shares

(b)     Unlisted Performance Rights subject to the “Definitive Feasibility Study Milestone” expiring 31 October 2025         

(c)     Unlisted Performance Rights subject to the Grant of Mining Licence Milestone” expiring 31 March 2026

(d)    Unlisted Performance Rights subject to the “Final Investment Decision Milestone” expiring 30 June 2026            

Number acquired

(c)     250,000

(d)     400,000

 

Number disposed

Not applicable

 

Value/Consideration

Note: If consideration is non-cash, provide details and estimated valuation

 

Not applicable – see nature of change below

 

No. of securities held after change

(a)     4,520,842

(b)     300,000

(c)     250,000

(d)     400,000

Nature of change

Example: on-market trade, off-market trade, exercise of options, issue of securities under dividend reinvestment plan, participation in buy-back

Issue of Performance Rights following shareholder approval

 

Part 2 – Change of director’s interests in contracts

 

Note: In the case of a company, interests which come within paragraph (ii) of the definition of “notifiable interest of a director” should be disclosed in this part.

 

Detail of contract

Not applicable

Nature of interest

Not applicable

Name of registered holder

(if issued securities)

Not applicable

Date of change

Not applicable

No. and class of securities to which interest related prior to change

Note: Details are only required for a contract in relation to which the interest has changed

 

Not applicable

Interest acquired

Not applicable

Interest disposed

Not applicable

Value/Consideration

Note: If consideration is non-cash, provide details and an estimated valuation

 

Not applicable

Interest after change

Not applicable

 

Part 3 – +Closed period

 

Were the interests in the securities or contracts detailed above traded during a +closed period where prior written clearance was required?

No

If so, was prior written clearance provided to allow the trade to proceed during this period?

Not applicable

If prior written clearance was provided, on what date was this provided?

Not applicable

 

Initial notification/Amendment

Initial

LEI

213800NSPXSASTENFQ34

Place of transaction

Australian Securities Exchange (ASX)

 

Appendix 3Y

 

Change of Director’s Interest Notice

 

Information or documents not available now must be given to ASX as soon as available.  Information and documents given to ASX become ASX’s property and may be made public.

Introduced 30/09/01  Amended 01/01/11

 

Name of entity                  SOVEREIGN METALS LIMITED

ABN                                    71 120 833 427

C)              

We (the entity) give ASX the following information under listing rule 3.19A.2 and as agent for the director for the purposes of section 205G of the Corporations Act. 

 

Name of Director

Nigel Jones

Date of last notice

29 September 2023

 

Part 1 – Change of director’s relevant interests in securities

In the case of a trust, this includes interests in the trust made available by the responsible entity of the trust

 

Note: In the case of a company, interests which come within paragraph (i) of the definition of “notifiable interest of a director” should be disclosed in this part.

 

Direct or indirect interest

Indirect

 

Nature of indirect interest

(including registered holder)

Note: Provide details of the circumstances giving rise to the relevant interest.

 

Redbeck Partners Ltd (beneficial interest)

Date of change

24 November 2023

No. of securities held prior to change

(e)   225,000

(f)    300,000

(g)   –

(h)   –

 

Class

(e)   Ordinary Fully Paid Shares

(f)    Unlisted Performance Rights subject to the “Definitive Feasibility Study Milestone” expiring 31 October 2025

(g)   Unlisted Performance Rights subject to the Grant of Mining Licence Milestone” expiring 31 March 2026

(h)   Unlisted Performance Rights subject to the “Final Investment Decision Milestone” expiring 30 June 2026

Number acquired

(c)   100,000

(d)   150,000

Number disposed

Not applicable

Value/Consideration

Note: If consideration is non-cash, provide details and estimated valuation

 

Not applicable – see nature of change below

No. of securities held after change

(a)  225,000

(b)  300,000

(c)  100,000

(d)  150,000

 

Nature of change

Example: on-market trade, off-market trade, exercise of options, issue of securities under dividend reinvestment plan, participation in buy-back

Issue of Performance Rights following shareholder approval

 

Part 2 – Change of director’s interests in contracts

 

Note: In the case of a company, interests which come within paragraph (ii) of the definition of “notifiable interest of a director” should be disclosed in this part.

 

Detail of contract

Not applicable

Nature of interest

 

Not applicable

Name of registered holder

(if issued securities)

 

Not applicable

Date of change

Not applicable

No. and class of securities to which interest related prior to change

Note: Details are only required for a contract in relation to which the interest has changed

 

Not applicable

Interest acquired

Not applicable

Interest disposed

Not applicable

Value/Consideration

Note: If consideration is non-cash, provide details and an estimated valuation

 

Not applicable

Interest after change

Not applicable

 

Part 3 – +Closed period

 

Were the interests in the securities or contracts detailed above traded during a +closed period where prior written clearance was required?

No

If so, was prior written clearance provided to allow the trade to proceed during this period?

Not applicable

If prior written clearance was provided, on what date was this provided?

Not applicable

 

Initial notification/Amendment

Initial

LEI

213800NSPXSASTENFQ34

Place of transaction

Australian Securities Exchange (ASX)

 

 

#KAV Kavango Resources PLC – KCB – Acquisition of six new PLs completes

Kavango Resources plc (LSE:KAV), the Southern Africa-focused metals exploration company, is pleased to confirm completion of its acquisition of a 90% working interest in six Prospecting Licences (“PLs”) located in Botswana’s Kalahari Copper Belt (“KCB”) (the “Acquisition”)

The Acquisition provides the Company with an extensive single contiguous project area in the KCB covering 7,629km2. Kavango is now one of the KCB’s largest individual mineral rights holders.

Kavango believes its expanded project area is underlain by similar stratigraphy to that along strike of Sandfire Resources’ (ASX:SFR) A4 deposit and Motheo Mine. Analysis of existing exploration data by the Company suggests this could incorporate a regional system that contains domal structures with folded and sheared trap sites. These are key exploration targets in the search for large-scale copper/silver mineralisation.

Kavango plans to commence follow-up work in the KCB later this month, and an update on this programme will follow.

Figure 1: Kavango’s expanded, contiguous KCB land package

Ben Turney, Chief Executive Officer of Kavango Resources, commented:

“These new licences grant us complete control of a contiguous, prospective system in an underexplored section of the KCB, a proven copper/silver region that hosts numerous mines and deposits.

I’d like to thank ENRG Elements for its support during our due diligence process. The mapping, soil geochemistry and drilling data it has provided has been highly valuable.

Kavango has strengthened its geological understanding of its new licences by mapping their lithological sequences and stratigraphy. Meanwhile, the presence of galena and sphalerite – two important pathfinder minerals for copper mineralisation – is also encouraging.

We will now continue to advance our understanding of the new licences’ mineral potential by investigating the potential sub-basin we have identified and interpreting their structure with satellite imagery.

Both of these workflows will help us to develop priority drill targets over the coming months.

Further details

Kavango’s six new PLs cover ground adjacent to its existing Karakubis Block next to the Namibian border. This is currently the priority focus area for the Company’s KCB copper/silver exploration programme. The new PLs are also adjacent to the Company’s South Ghanzi licence block.

In preparation for the completion of the Acquisition, Kavango carried out a detailed review of ENRG’s previous exploration work, including mapping, soil geochemistry and drilling together with historical exploration work.

As a result of this review, Kavango believes the lower D’Kar Formation it mapped across PL049/2020 & PL052/2020 (two of its Karakubis PLs) extends into PL203/2016, PL127/2017 & PL205/2016 (three of its six new PLs).

During the review, Kavango received drill samples and logs from 5,566m of historical drilling completed by Icon and Ashmead.

Kavango’s geologists have begun to interpret the lithological sequences on its new PLs by completing geological work on these drill logs in combination with systematic magnetic susceptibility measurements. The sequences comprise siltstones, carbonates and sandstones.

The Company’s geologists have also begun to compile a stratigraphy for the new PLs that they believe to match existing field mapping and conform to sequences in the lower D’Kar Formation present across other parts of the KCB.

During its review, Kavango identified visible galena and sphalerite hosted in quartz-carbonate veins in the drill core and chips taken from this area. These are two important pathfinder minerals for copper mineralisation.

Additionally, systematic pXRF analysis along the cores and drill chips has confirmed the presence of elevated copper, lead and zinc at correlatable intervals.

Finally, Kavango’s geologists and geophysicists believe they may have identified a gravity low likely related to a deeper sub-basin during a review of ENRG’s previously acquired Airborne Electromagnetic (“AEM”), Gravity and Magnetic data over the Kara Antiform. The margins of this sub-basin could provide priority targets for trap site development and deposit formation. They can be further prioritised when cross-referenced with ENRG’s historic magnetic, AEM, and soil geochemical datasets.

Background to the agreement

Kavango entered an agreement to acquire a 90% interest in the six new PLs earlier this year (announced >>> 25 September 2023) with Global Exploration Technologies (Pty) Limited (“GET”), a wholly-owned subsidiary of ENRG Elements (ASX:ENRG) (“ENRG”).

Under the terms of the agreement, Kavango has now paid a total of AUD$1.5 million in cash to acquire 90% of the issued shares of Icon Trading (Pty) Ltd (“Icon”) and Ashmead Holdings (Pty) Ltd (“Ashmead”), two of GET’s subsidiary companies. Kavango will pay GET two further instalments of AUD$500,000 within 90 days and 180 days of the acquisition’s completion.

The names of the six new PLs, along with their holding company, status, and expiry date, are found below.

PL Number

Company

Status

Expiry Date

PL127/2017

Ashmead Holdings (Pty) Ltd

2nd Renewal 

30/06/2024

PL128/2017

Ashmead Holdings (Pty) Ltd

2nd Renewal 

30/06/2024

PL129/2017

Ashmead Holdings (Pty) Ltd

2nd Renewal 

30/06/2024

PL203/2016

Icon Trading (Pty) Ltd

3rd Renewal 

30/09/2025

PL204/2016

Icon Trading (Pty) Ltd

3rd Renewal 

30/09/2025

PL205/2016[1]

Icon Trading (Pty) Ltd

3rd Renewal 

30/09/2025

Figure 2: Details of the GET PLs

Planned work

Kavango is currently procuring satellite imagery to advance its structural interpretation and mapping of alterations across the new PLs. The Company will share more details of its upcoming work plans in due course.

The Company is also in the final stages of awarding a contract for the flying of an AEM survey over its KCB PLs. The goal will be to map possible sub-basin and domal structures.

Further information in respect of Kavango and its business interests is provided on the Company’s website at www.kavangoresources.com and on Twitter at #KAV.

For further information please contact:

Kavango Resources plc 

Ben Turney

+46 7697 406 06

First Equity (Broker)

Jason Robertson

+44 207 374 2212

Kavango Competent Person Statement

The technical information contained in this announcement pertaining to geology and exploration have been read and approved by Brett Grist BSc(Hons) FAusIMM (CP).  Mr Grist is a Fellow of the Australasian Institute of Mining and Metallurgy with Chartered Professional status.  Mr Grist has sufficient experience that is relevant to the exploration programmes and geology of the main styles of mineralisation and deposit types under consideration to act as a Qualified Person as defined in the 2012 Edition of the ‘Australasian Code for Reporting of Exploration Results, Mineral Resources and Ore Reserves’.

#FCM First Class Metals – Operations:- ‘Big Four’ Exploration Update and Directorate Change

First Class Metals PLC (“First Class Metals” “FCM” or the “Company”) the UK listed metals exploration company seeking economic metal discoveries across its extensive Canadian Schreiber-Hemlo, Sunbeam and Zigzag land holdings is pleased to announce the launch of systematic exploration campaign at the Zigzag lithium project in the Province of Ontario Canada. (“Zigzag” or the “Project”) alongside a general portfolio exploration update.

First Class Metals’ stated aim was to bring four properties to drill ready status with the intention of drilling one property this field season. With the exception of Esa, the company will achieve its aim. Once the soil sampling results are available from Esa this property too will be close to being ‘drill ready.’ It is still the Company’s intention to drill one of the ‘Big Four’ this season. FCM-Report-The-Big-Four-How-we’re-moving-towards-drilling.pdf (squarespace.com)

Highlights:

·    Noth Hemlo-Dead Otter Trend, further gold occurrences reported from grab samples return values up to 13.6ppm (13.6 g/t) gold (Au) giving further confidence to the project, supporting priority drill targets.

 

·    Sunbeam-Further stripping underway at the sites of the historical Sunbeam Mine, Roy & Pettigrew workings. Visual similarities noted to the reported economic mineralisation that was historically mined. Channel sampling undertaken with results pending which will help define drill targets.

 

·    Zigzag-Preliminary results from thirty-nine samples received with numerous results over 1% Li2O (full results pending). Extensive channel sampling campaign now completed with assays awaited, visual observations of coarse spodumene evidenced across many of samples taken.

 

·    Esa-an extensive infill soil sampling program now completed; 500 samples taken and awaiting analysis. Purpose of the work is to ‘infill’ the successful definition of the Esa Shear in 2022.  Property moves closer to a drill ready status.

 

Marc J. Sale First Class Metals CEO commented:

“I am pleased with the progress that First Class metals has made this field season, and despite the advance of Autumn there are still two teams out on the ground. I feel we are well on track to achieve the Company’s intentions. Both Sunbeam and Zigzag properties are permitted for drilling and with the support of the First Nations either of these properties or indeed North Hemlo (permit notwithstanding) are veritable maiden drill targets for FCM. Furthermore, the preliminary results from Zigzag have added significantly to our confidence in the property.”

North Hemlo

During the season extensive work: prospecting, sampling, and mapping has been undertaken along the Dead Otter trend, the focus has been around the historical showing (3.1ppm Au 0.59% Mo) and the area reporting 19.6ppm Au over three kilometres to the south east. There are still assays to be reported, however whilst sampling to date has not replicated the historic value there is limited outcrop exposed. The presence of visible gold and gold being ‘panned’ from crushed rock may indicate that there is potentially an issue with ‘coarse gold’ in the area of the historic showing. Other assays methods are being investigated.

Furthermore, the zone is reporting very high values of pathfinder elements including molybdenum as well as telluride which is strongly associated with gold deposits especially in the Hemlo area. Additionally, over 750m SE along trend from the historic showing an isolated outcrop returned 2.29ppm Au. This confirms the trend is auriferous. Furthermore, in the area of the 19.6ppm sample other samples have reported 13.6ppm and 4.6ppm Au.  Future work will include detailed prospecting along the trend to prove the continuity of the structure along strike from the known gold occurrences, leading to stripping and drilling once permitting allows.

Photo 1-showing the sampling in the area of the 19.6ppm result.

Sunbeam

An initial stripping and channel sampling programme at the historic production sites of Pettigrew and Roy has been completed and provisional results received. Some of the higher values have been resubmitted for check assay. The results from Roy indicate a semi continuous zone across strike of multi-gramme material. However, further stripping and sampling is currently underway in order to better define the potential drill targets. Exposed structure evidencing numerous visible sheared mafic volcanic horizons with sulphide rich quartz veining, within broader envelope of sheared, altered, and mineralized felsic intrusive. A similar situation exists at Pettigrew. The additional stripping has revealed some very ‘interesting’, prospective rocks including sheared mafic volcanics with sulphide rich quartz veining with visible gold reported. Sampling is currently being undertaken.

Stripping and channel sampling at Sunbeam is also now under way in the area of the historic shaft.

Photo 2- showing one of the ‘quartz blowouts’ in the new area stripped., the second photo show a close up with ‘VG’ (visible gold).

Photo 3- VG in the channel at Roy.

Zigzag

The preliminary results from the 39 grab samples from recent prospecting are considered very encouraging and full results will be available soon, there are a number of the samples reporting over 1% Li2O.

In parallel to the prospecting a channel sampling programme was undertaken, and nine channels completed with two in excess of 10m in length with over 250m of strike being covered.  Over 80 samples have been submitted for analysis. The samples contain significant spodumene and are considered visually encouraging with multiple zones of spodumene across the channels, see photos 4 and 5.

Photo 4- channel at Zigzag with the sample next to tape. Sampling entered the host of the pegmatite in order to check the selvages for possible mineralisation.

Photo 5- close up of sample from sawn channel. Note coarse spodumene crystals.

Esa

To the end of the 2022 field season over 500 soil samples were collected predominantly along eleven lines on average 400m apart, orthogonal to an inferred 4km shear which transects the property roughly east to west. This structure was highlighted by the airborne magnetic survey. The results of the initial soil sampling were encouraging and defined an anomalous zone mimicking the inferred position of the shear.

This season ‘infill’ sampling lines were conducted in two programmes again totalling over 500 samples. The analysis results for the last programme, only recently completed, are not yet available.

It is anticipated that the results of the infill lines will ‘tighten-up’ the potential target location to enable a more focussed stripping / trenching programme once the permit is granted. Drilling the most encouraging sectors would then be the next exploration phase.

Map showing the historical as well as ’23 season infill soil lines.

Summary

First Class Metals is entering a period of significant news and progress across its four core properties. The company has made significant strides towards achieving a “drill ready status.” Throughout the summer field campaign, extensive work has been conducted on each of these properties, which is expected to pay off in the next phase of exploration.

One property that has particularly excited First Class Metals is Zigzag, which has produced promising early-stage results. Further results from the prospecting and the channel sampling are still awaited. The property is strategically located in a corridor of established and expanding pegmatite lithium discoveries. This has garnered significant interest from the global lithium industry, positioning this region in North West Ontario as a new focus for battery metal discovery and development.

Moving forward, the company aims to assess and report on multiple assays that are still pending across all four properties. Additionally, plans are underway to initiate a drilling campaign on one of the properties before the end of the year. These developments highlight First Class Metals’ commitment to exploration and to bring ‘four projects to a drill ready status in 2023’.

First Class Metals PLC (“First Class Metals” “FCM” or the “Company”) the UK metals exploration company seeking economic metal discoveries across its extensive Canadian Schreiber-Hemlo, Sunbeam and Zigzag land holdings is pleased to announce the appointment and resignation of Non-Executive Directors.

 

First Class Metals is delighted to announce the appointment of Mr. Andrew Williamson as Non-Executive Director of First Class Metals PLC, effective from the 15th October 2023. With Andrew’s extensive experience in listing companies on major stock markets globally, as well as his expertise in public and private corporate transactions and the establishment of domestic and international funds, his addition to our team brings immense value. Andrew is a former institutional corporate stockbroker, nomad, and sponsor to the full list.

 

We are confident that Andrew’s wealth of knowledge and expertise will greatly contribute to the growth and success of First Class Metals.

 

First Class Metals also announces the resignation of Mr. Danesh Varma, effective from the 15th October as Non-Executive Director, as he has decided to pursue other interests. However, due to his extensive experience in Canada, Mr. Varma will continue to support the company in a consulting capacity regarding corporate matters when required.

 

We extend our appreciation to Mr. Varma for his valuable contributions during his tenure as a Non-Executive Director and look forward to his continued involvement in an advisory role.

 

Ayub Bodi, Executive Director of First Class Metals PLC, commented

“On behalf of the board of directors, I would like to thank Danesh for his contributions as Non-Executive Director; we are grateful for his efforts at First Class Metals and wish him well in his future endeavours. At the same time, we are pleased to welcome Andrew whose experience and international network will support the growth of the business”

For further information, please contact:

 

James Knowles, Executive Chairman

JamesK@Firstclassmetalsplc.com

07488 362641

Marc J Sale, CEO

MarcS@Firstclassmetalsplc.com

07711 093532

Ayub Bodi, Executive Director

AyubB@Firstclassmetalsplc.com

07860 598086

 

First Equity Limited

(Financial Adviser & Broker)

 

Jonathan Brown

0207 3742212

Jason Robertson

0207 3742212

#KAV Kavango Resources PLC – Notice of General Meeting

Kavango Resources plc (LSE:KAV), the Southern Africa-focused metals exploration company, is pleased to announce that it will today post a copy of a notice of general meeting (the “General Meeting Notice” or “Circular”) and form of proxy for the general meeting to shareholders. The general meeting is to be held at 11 a.m. on 25 October 2023 at the offices of the Company’s Solicitors, Druces LLP, Salisbury House, London Wall, London EC2M 5PS (the “General Meeting”). The Company will also make these documents available to download from the Company’s website (www.kavangoresources.com).

In accordance with Listing Rule 14.3.6 of the UK Financial Conduct Authority (“FCA”), a copy of the General Meeting Notice will be submitted to the FCA via the National Storage Mechanism and will shortly be available to the public for inspection at:

https://www.fca.org.uk/markets/primary-markets/regulatory-disclosures/national-storage-mechanism

Background

The General Meeting Notice will be published and posted to shareholders today, together with a form of proxy, providing notification of the General Meeting to consider the resolutions set out below.

Resolutions have been tabled to (i) seek approval from independent shareholders of a waiver in accordance with Rule 9 of the Takeover Code (Whitewash) in relation to the Stage 2 Subscription (as announced on 09 May 2023), (ii) issue and allot, or grant rights to subscribe for or convert any securities into the Stage 2 Subscription Shares, and to (iii) allot equity securities (as defined in section 560(1) of the Companies Act 2006) for cash in respect of the Stage 2 Subscription Shares on a non-premptive basis.

Further information in respect of Kavango and its business interests is provided on the Company’s website at www.kavangoresources.com and on X (formerly known as Twitter) at #KAV.

For further information please contact:

Kavango Resources plc

Ben Turney

+46 7697 406 06

First Equity (Broker)

+44 207 374 2212

Jason Robertson

#SVML Sovereign Metals LTD – Kasiya Pre-Feasibility Study Results

PFS CONFIRMS KASIYA AS A MAJOR CRITICAL MINERALS PROJECT DELIVERING INDUSTRY-LEADING ECONOMIC RETURNS AND SUSTAINABILITY METRICS

ECONOMIC HIGHLIGHTS

US$1,605M

28%

US$415M

After Tax NPV8

After Tax IRR

Ave. Annual EBITDA

 

US$16Bn

US$404/t

US$597M

Total Revenue
(initial modelled 25 years LOM)

Operating Cost
(FOB Nacala per tonne of product)

Capex to 1st Production

PFS HIGHLIGHTS

·    “Market Leader” Position in Two Critical Minerals:

o Positioned to become the world’s largest rutile producer at 222kt per annum for an initial 25 year life-of-mine (LOM)

o Potentially one of the world’s largest natural graphite producers outside of China at 244kt per annum

o Natural rutile facing significant global supply deficit forecast to widen further considerably in the next 5 years1

o Natural graphite market moving into deficit as demand rapidly grows in the lithium-ion battery and electric vehicle (EV) sectors

o Initial Probable Ore Reserves declared of 538Mt, representing conversion of only 30% of the total Mineral Resource

o Substantial production rate and mine life upside exists as the PFS modelling was limited to only 25 years

·    Highly Compelling Cost Profile:  

o Cash operating costs of US$404/t of product will position Kasiya as the lowest cost producer of rutile and graphite globally

o Increased capital to first production from the Expanded Scoping Study, is primarily due to bringing forward capital items previously planned for Stage 2 including a rail spur, full-scale water dam, integrated power and optimised graphite production, as well as generally enhanced engineering and global cost inflation

·    Industry-Redefining Environmental and Social Advantages:

o Extremely low CO2-footprint operation incorporating climate-smart attributes including hydro-mining with renewables power solution

o CO2 emissions expected to be lowest in class versus existing and planned operations and versus alternative synthetic products

o Low-impact operation with mineralisation at surface, zero-strip ratio, low reagent usage, simple process flowsheet and progressive land rehabilitation

·    Strong Support from the Government of Malawi:

o Government of Malawi has applauded the timely investment by Rio Tinto and marked it as a milestone towards realising the country’s aspirations of growing the mining sector as a priority industry

o PFS demonstrates Kasiya’s potential to provide significant socio-economic benefits for Malawi including fiscal returns, job creation, skills transfer and sustainable community development initiatives

o With mining being one of the key pillars for growth under Malawi’s economic development strategy (Agriculture, Tourism, Mining – ATM Policy) and the potential for Kasiya to be a project of national significance, the Government has constituted an Inter-ministerial Project Development Committee to work alongside the Company to assist in the permitting processes  

·    Optimisation with Strategic Investor Rio Tinto to Commence:

o Advancing into an optimisation phase prior to moving to the Definitive Feasibility Study (DFS) with support from the Company’s strategic investor, Rio Tinto

o Formal establishment of the Technical Committee with Rio Tinto  

Managing Director, Dr Julian Stephens commented: The release of the Kasiya PFS marks another important step towards unlocking a major source of two critical minerals required to decarbonise global supply chains and to achieve Net-Zero.

The Project benefits from existing high-quality infrastructure and inherent ESG advantages. Natural rutile has a far lower carbon footprint compared to other titanium feedstocks used in the pigment industry, and natural graphite is a key component in lithium-ion batteries – crucial to de-carbonising the global economy.

The high-quality of work completed and the results of the PFS demonstrates that Kasiya is a globally significant project that has the potential to deliver a valuable long-term source of low-CO2 products and generate substantial economic returns with a forecast average EBITDA of US$415 Million per annum for the initial 25 years modelled. The Project is well positioned to be a large scale, multi-generational asset with significant opportunity for further upside as only 30% of the current mineral resource (MRE) is utilised in the PFS model.

Kasiya’s compelling economics demonstrate the potential for industry-leading returns, even against the backdrop of global cost inflation.

The Company is looking forward to conducting an optimisation review in collaboration with new strategic investor, Rio Tinto and progressing to the Definitive Feasibility Study.”

 

ENQUIRIES

Dr Julian Stephens (Perth)
Managing Director

+61(8) 9322 6322

Sam Cordin (Perth)
+61(8) 9322 6322

Sapan Ghai (London)
+44 207 478 3900

 

Nominated Adviser on AIM and Joint Broker

 

SP Angel Corporate Finance LLP

 

Ewan Leggat

Charlie Bouverat

Harry Davies-Ball

+44 20 3470 0470

 

 

Joint Brokers

 

Berenberg

+44 20 3207 7800

Matthew Armitt

 

Jennifer Lee

 

 

 

Tavistock PR

+44 20 7920 3150

 

To view the announcement in full, please refer to the announcement at http://sovereignmetals.com.au/announcements/.

 

The information contained within this announcement is deemed by the Company to constitute inside information as stipulated under the Market Abuse Regulations (EU) No. 596/2014 as it forms part of UK domestic law by virtue of the European Union (Withdrawal) Act 2018 (‘MAR’). Upon the publication of this announcement via Regulatory Information Service (‘RIS’), this inside information is now considered to be in the public domain.

Source:

 1. TZ Minerals International Pty Ltd (TZMI)

 

KASIYA PFS OUTCOMES

Sovereign Metals Limited (the Company or Sovereign) is pleased to announce the results of the Pre-Feasibility Study (PFS or Study) for the Company’s Kasiya Rutile-Graphite Project (Kasiya or the Project) in Malawi.

The PFS confirmed Kasiya as potentially a major critical minerals project with an extremely low CO2-footprint delivering major volumes of natural rutile and graphite while generating significant economic returns.   

The PFS is an Association for the Advancement of Cost Engineering International (AACEI) Class 3 estimate with an accuracy of -20% and +25%.

Table 1: Key Outcomes

Outcome

 

Unit

Kasiya

NPV8 (real post-tax)

US$

US$1,605M

NPV10 (real post-tax)

US$

US$1,205M

IRR (post-tax)

%

28%

Capital Costs to First Production (Stage 1)

US$

US$597M

Expansion Capital (Stage 2)

US$

US$287M

Plant relocation

US$

US$366M

Operating Costs

US$/t mined

US$8.74

Operating Costs

US$/t product

US$404

Revenue to Cost Ratio

X

2.8

NPV8 / Capital Costs to First Production

X

2.7

Throughput (Average LOM)

Mtpa

21.5

Modelled Life

years

25

Annual Production (Average LOM) – rutile

ktpa

222

Annual Production (Average LOM) – graphite

ktpa

244

Total Revenue (LOM)

US$

US$16,121M

Annual Revenue (Average LOM)

US$

US$645M

Annual EBITDA (Average LOM)

US$/year

US$415M

Payback – from start of production

years

4.3 years

 

LARGE-SCALE, LONG-LIFE AND HIGH-MARGIN OPERATION

Kasiya, located in central Malawi, is the largest natural rutile deposit and second largest flake graphite deposit in the world. Sovereign is aiming to develop a low-CO2 and sustainable operation to supply highly sought-after natural rutile and graphite to global markets.

Kasiya has a geological benefit with both natural graphite and rutile hosted in soft, friable saprolite material at surface that can be mined, beneficiated, and purified with a considerably lower carbon footprint than hard-rock operations or synthetic graphite and synthetic rutile production.

A diagram of a graphite product Description automatically generated

Figure 1: High-level schematic of the planned Kasiya Rutile-Graphite Project

The proposed large-scale operation will process 24 million tonnes of ore per annum to produce approximately 245kt of natural rutile and 288kt of natural graphite per annum once at steady state.

The rutile-graphite rich mineralisation will be extracted from surface utilising cost-effective hydro-mining to depths averaging 15m. Ore is transported as slurry via a pumping network to a Wet Concentration Plant (WCP) where a low-energy requirement, chemical-free process produces a Heavy Mineral Concentrate (HMC). The HMC is transferred to the dry Mineral Separation Plant (MSP) where premium quality rutile (+95% TiO2) is produced via electrostatic and magnetic separation.

Graphite rich concentrate is collected from the gravity spirals and processed in a separate graphite flotation plant, producing a high purity, high crystallinity and high value coarse-flake graphite product.

The Project has excellent surrounding infrastructure including sealed roads, a high-quality rail line connecting to the deep-water port of Nacala on the Indian Ocean and hydro-sourced grid power. For the duration of the operation, rutile and graphite products will be railed directly from a purpose-built rail dry port at the mine site eastward via the Nacala Logistics Corridor (NLC) to the port of Nacala.

Based on the build-out strategy, the operation will commence in the southern section of the Ore Reserve with a 12Mtpa throughput plant which will be expanded from Year 6 to increase the throughput to 24Mtpa. As the southern mineralisation is exhausted, a new plant will be constructed in the north and the second stage WCP moved in order to continue to support 24Mtpa throughput.

CRITICAL RAW MATERIALS

Both rutile and graphite are critical to the world economy as well as crucial to decarbonisation solutions required to meet “Net-Zero” and other targets set by policymakers. Titanium and natural graphite have been classified as critical raw materials by the US and EU due to a combination of their scarceness and China-controlled supply chains.

Current sources of natural rutile are in decline as several operations’ reserves are depleting concurrently with declining ore grades. These include Sierra Rutile’s (SRL) Mine Area 1 in Sierra Leone and Base Resources’ Kwale operations in Kenya.

Global rutile supply is projected to decline sharply beyond 2023, following the scheduled closures of Base Resource’s Kwale and SRL operations unless mine life extension is approved (Source: TZ Minerals International Pty Ltd (TZMI). There are limited new deposits forecast to come online, and hence supply of natural rutile is likely to remain in structural deficit for the long term, even with Kasiya at full production.

A graph of a mountain Description automatically generated

Figure 2: Previous and forecast global natural rutile supply 2018-2033
*Supply profile only reflects existing operations
(source: TZMI)

Demand for high quality flake graphite and natural rutile is growing due to global decarbonisation requirements and current and future predicted supply deficits. Per Benchmark Mineral Intelligence, the demand for anodes grew by 46% in 2022 compared to only 14% growth in natural flake graphite supply.

Figure 3: Graphite demand / supply showing market deficit beginning 2024E

Source: Macquarie Research (March 2023)

LOW-COST OPERATION

Kasiya’s low operating costs are achieved through deposit size and grade, zero strip ratio from surface, location and excellent existing operational infrastructure. Kasiya is strategically located in close proximity to Malawi’s capital city Lilongwe, providing access to a skilled workforce and industrial services.

Products will be exported to global markets via the deep water port of Nacala along the existing Nacala Logistics Rail Corridor (NLC). This existing infrastructure provides significant capital cost savings for Kasiya compared to many other undeveloped minerals projects.

Kasiya has an average life-of-mine FOB (Nacala) operating cost of US$404 per tonne of product produced (rutile plus graphite).

One of the highest Revenue : Cost of Sales Ratios in the Mineral Sands Industry

The revenue-to-cash cost ratio of 2.8x positions Kasiya in the first quartile compared to other undeveloped mineral sands operations. The production of high value natural rutile and graphite delivers strong cashflows with a cash margin of over 64% for the life of the operation.

The Study has applied conservative pricing assumptions for both products which still results in a strong position on the revenue to cost ratio metric. This supports the robustness of the Kasiya operation and its strong profitability during different pricing environments and the revenue stability of two different products with different demand drivers.

 A graph of different colored rectangular shapes Description automatically generated with medium confidence

Figure 4: Revenue to cost ratio of Kasiya and other selected mineral sands projects

Lowest Cost Flake Graphite Project in the World

Graphite is produced at Kasiya via obtaining a graphite rich concentrate from the gravity spirals as part of the rutile processing. The graphite rich concentrate is then processed in a separate standard graphite flotation plant, producing a high purity, high crystallinity and high value coarse-flake graphite product.

On an incremental cost basis reflecting graphite production as a co-product to primary rutile production, the operating cost is US$182 per tonne of graphite produced (FOB Nacala).

 A graph of a graph Description automatically generated

Figure 5: Actual and forecast graphite production (non-Chinese)

 

LOW CO2 ADVANTAGE

Kasiya has the potential to provide two products that both have very favourable low carbon in-use advantages. Benchmark Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) studies for natural rutile and natural graphite produced from Kasiya* have the potential for a substantially reduced carbon footprint compared to other titanium feedstocks and natural graphite products in the market.

Natural rutile (~95% TiO2) is the cleanest, purest natural mineral form of TiO2 with the other major source being ilmenite (~50% TiO2). The genuine scarcity of natural rutile prompted the titanium industry to develop upgraded titanium feedstock products from ilmenite that can be used as substitutes for natural rutile (i.e. synthetic rutile and titania slag).

Two energy and carbon intensive processes are used by major market participants to produce the upgraded synthetic rutile and titania slag. Both methods use ilmenite (~FeTiO3) as the raw feedstock and are essentially processes for the removal of iron oxide. The downstream pigment production process relies heavily on the use of these upgraded titanium feedstocks, each having an associated substantial environmental impact.

A screenshot of a computer screen Description automatically generated

Figure 6: Natural rutile versus synthetic rutile and titania slag flowchart

Natural rutile produced at Kasiya has a fraction of the GWP of the alternative feedstocks. The Global Warming Potential (GWP) for natural rutile concentrate from Kasiya (0.1 t CO2e per tonne) is significantly lower than producing titania slag in South Africa (2.0 t CO2e per tonne) and producing synthetic rutile via the Becher process in Australia (3.3 t CO2e per tonne).

The Scope 1 and 2 emissions comparing the carbon footprint of these three production routes are shown in Figure 6. The higher GWP for synthetic rutile is mainly due to the use of coal and other reagents for the upgrading of lower grade ilmenite to the final synthetic rutile feedstock product.

* LCA conducted on inputs from the Expanded Scoping Study released July 2022.

 

Chart Description automatically generated

Figure 7:  GWP impact of natural rutile production from Kasiya as a titanium feedstock vs. alternatives
(Source: Minviro)

Kasiya has the lowest GWP compared with currently known and planned future natural graphite projects:

·      Up to 60% lower than currently reported GWP of graphite producers and developers, including suppliers to Tesla Inc.

·      3x less polluting than proposed Tanzanian natural graphite production from hard rock sources

·      6x less polluting than current Chinese natural graphite production which accounts for up to 80% of current global graphite supply

Figure 8: Global Warming Potential per tonne of graphite product (CO2e/t)

(Note: All figures are cradle-to-gate except for Syrah Resources which includes transportation to the port of Nacala; transportation of Kasiya’s graphite to the port of Nacala would add an estimated incremental 0.04CO2e to its GWP)

Industry’s interaction with supply chain participants indicates the progression towards higher proportions of natural graphite used in battery anodes will be supported by its lower cost and superior environmental credentials. The environmental footprint of EVs will become an increasingly important market consideration as EV penetration accelerates, noting that synthetic graphite has a carbon footprint orders of magnitude higher than flake graphite because it is made from needle coke produced from oil and coal refining via energy intensive processes.

Leading EV producer Tesla Inc.’s (Tesla) “Master Plan 3” outlines its proposed path to reach a sustainable global energy economy through end-use electrification and sustainable electricity generation and storage.  In the plan, Tesla suggests that the world would need to produce 10.5Mt of graphite per year and estimates US$104 Billion of new graphite mining investment is required to achieve its target (source: Tesla Master Plan 3 (April 2023)).

STRONG GOVERNMENT SUPPORT

The Malawian government identifies mining as one of the sectors that could potentially generate economic growth for the country. The country has several significant mineral resources that could be sustainably mined to contribute to Malawi’s economic goals.

Kasiya has the potential to deliver significant social and economic benefits for Malawi including fiscal returns, job creation, skills transfer and sustainable community development initiatives.

The Government of Malawi strongly supports Sovereign and its development of the Kasiya project. Malawi’s Minister of Mines and Minerals, The Honourable Monica Chang’anamuno, recently publicly applauded the timely investment by Rio Tinto and marked it as a milestone towards realising the country’s aspirations of growing the mining industry as promoted in the Malawi Vision 2063, which isolates mining as a priority industry.

With mining being one of the key pillars for growth under Malawi’s economic development strategy (Agriculture, Tourism, Mining – ATM Policy) and the potential for Kasiya to be a project of national significance, the Government has constituted an Inter-ministerial Project Development Committee to work alongside the Company to assist in the permitting processes.

INVESTMENT BY RIO TINTO

In July 2023, Rio Tinto made an investment in Sovereign resulting in an initial 15% shareholding and options expiring within 12 months of initial investment to increase their position to 19.99%. Under the Investment Agreement, Rio Tinto will provide assistance and advice on technical and marketing aspects of Kasiya including with respect to Sovereign’s graphite co-product, with a primary focus on spherical purified graphite for the lithium-ion battery anode market.   

The Company is planning to commence optimisation phase prior to advancing to the DFS. Sovereign is soon to establish a Technical Committee and commence the working relationship with Rio Tinto after the publication of this Study.

DISCLOSURES, DISCLAIMERS, MODIFYING FACTORS & SOURCES

 

DISCLOSURES & DISCLAIMERS

 

Competent Person Statements

The information in this announcement that relates to Production Targets and Ore Reserves is based on and fairly represents information provided by Mr Ross Cheyne, a Competent Person, who is a Fellow Member of The Australasian Institute of Mining and Metallurgy. Mr Cheyne is employed by Orelogy Consulting Pty Ltd, an independent consulting company. Mr Cheyne has sufficient experience, which is relevant to the style of mineralisation and type of deposit under consideration, and to the activity he is undertaking, to qualify as a Competent Person as defined in the 2012 Edition of the ‘Australasian Code for Reporting of Exploration Results, Mineral Resources and Ore Reserves’. Mr Cheyne consents to the inclusion in the Announcement of the matters based on his information in the form and context in which it appears.

The information in this announcement that relates to Processing, Infrastructure and Capital and Operating Costs is based on and fairly represents information compiled or reviewed by Mr Tomasz Tomicki, a Competent Person, who is a Fellow Member of The Australasian Institute of Mining and Metallurgy. Mr Tomicki is employed by DRA Pacific Pty Ltd, an independent consulting company. Mr Tomicki has sufficient experience that is relevant to the style of mineralisation and type of deposit under consideration and to the activities undertaken. Mr Tomicki, consents to the inclusion in the Announcement of the matters based on his information in the form and context in which it appears.

The information in this announcement that relates to Metallurgy – rutile is based on and fairly represents information compiled or reviewed by Mr Tomasz Tomicki, a Competent Person, who is a Fellow Member of The Australasian Institute of Mining and Metallurgy. Mr Tomicki is employed by DRA Pacific Pty Ltd, an independent consulting company. Mr Tomicki has sufficient experience that is relevant to the style of mineralisation and type of deposit under consideration and to the activities undertaken. Mr Tomicki, consents to the inclusion in the Announcement of the matters based on his information in the form and context in which it appears.

The information in this announcement that relates to Metallurgy – graphite is based on and fairly represents information compiled or reviewed by Mr John Fleay, a Competent Person, who is a Fellow Member of The Australasian Institute of Mining and Metallurgy. Mr Fleay is employed by DRA Pacific Pty Ltd, an independent consulting company. Mr Fleay has sufficient experience that is relevant to the style of mineralisation and type of deposit under consideration and to the activities undertaken. Mr Fleay, consents to the inclusion in the Announcement of the matters based on his information in the form and context in which it appears.

The information in this announcement that relates to the Mineral Resource Estimate is extracted from the announcement entitled ‘Kasiya Indicated Resource Increased by over 80%’ dated 5 April 2023 and is based on, and fairly represents information compiled by Mr Richard Stockwell, a Competent Person, who is a fellow of the Australian Institute of Geoscientists (AIG). Mr Stockwell is a principal of Placer Consulting Pty Ltd, an independent consulting company. The original announcement is available to view on www.sovereignmetals.com.au. Sovereign confirms that a) it is not aware of any new information or data that materially affects the information included in the original announcement; b) all material assumptions included in the original announcement continue to apply and have not materially changed; and c) the form and context in which the relevant Competent Persons’ findings are presented in this announcement have not been materially changed from the original announcement.

Forward Looking Statement

 

This release may include forward-looking statements, which may be identified by words such as “expects”, “anticipates”, “believes”, “projects”, “plans”, and similar expressions. These forward-looking statements are based on Sovereign’s expectations and beliefs concerning future events. Forward looking statements are necessarily subject to risks, uncertainties and other factors, many of which are outside the control of Sovereign, which could cause actual results to differ materially from such statements. There can be no assurance that forward-looking statements will prove to be correct. Sovereign makes no undertaking to subsequently update or revise the forward-looking statements made in this release, to reflect the circumstances or events after the date of that release.

 

Qualified Person

 

Information disclosed in this announcement has been reviewed by Dr Julian Stephens (B.Sc (Hons), PhD, MAIG), Managing Director, a Qualified Person for the purposes of the AIM Rules for Companies.

 

SUMMARY OF MATERIAL ASSUMPTIONS

Material assumptions used in the estimation of the production target and associated financial information are set out in the following table.

Table 2: Assumptions 

Assumption

Input

Maximum accuracy variation – Capital costs 

-20%/+25%

Maximum accuracy variation – Operating costs

-20%/+25%

Minimum LoM

25 years

Annual average throughput (tonnes) – Stage 1

12,000,000

Annual average throughput (tonnes) – Stage 2

24,000,000

Annual throughput (tonnes) – LoM average

21,600,000

Head grade – rutile

1.03%

Recovery – rutile

100%

Product grade (TiO2) – rutile

96%

Head grade – graphite

1.66%

Recovery – graphite

67.5%

Product grade (TGC) – graphite

96%

Annual production (average LoM) – rutile (tonnes)

222,000

Annual production (average LoM) – graphite (tonnes)

244,000

USD:AUD

0.67

USD:MWK

0.0010

USD:ZAR

0.0549

Sales Price – rutile (average LoM)

US$1,484/t

Sales Price – graphite (average LoM)

US$1,290/t

Government Royalty

5% of gross revenue

Vendor Royalty

2% of gross profit

Community Development Fund

0.45% of gross revenue

Stage 1 Capital

US$572m

Stage 2 Capital (expansion to 24Mtpa)

US$287m

Plant Relocation

US$366m

Sustaining Capital

US$470m

Operating Costs including royalties (LoM) – FOB Nacala

US$404/t

Corporate Tax Rate

30%

Rent Resource Tax (RRT)

15% after-profits

Discount Rate

8%

 

ORE RESERVE STATEMENT

 

Orelogy Consulting Pty Ltd (Orelogy) was responsible for the mine planning component of the PFS for Kasiya. As such Orelogy have developed an Ore Reserve estimate for Kasiya in accordance with the guidelines of the JORC Code 2012.

The Kasiya MRE released by Sovereign in on 5 April 2023 was used as the basis for the PFS Ore Reserve estimate. Mineral Resources were converted to Ore Reserves in line with the material classifications which reflect the level of confidence within the resource estimate. The Ore Reserve reflects that portion of the Mineral Resource which can be economically extracted by open pits utilising a combination of hydro mining and bulldozer methodologies. The Ore Reserve considers the modifying factors and other parameters detailed in the relevant sections of the PFS report, including but not limited to the mining, metallurgical, social, environmental, approvals, tenure, statutory and financial aspects of the project.

In line with the JORC 2012 guidelines, the Kasiya Probable Ore Reserve is based on Indicated classified Mineral Resources. There is no Measured classified Mineral Resource at Kasiya and consequently no Proved Ore Reserve.

The reported MRE is inclusive of the Ore Reserve.

The Ore Reserve includes an allowance for mining dilution and ore loss on the basis that all material within the shell is classified and extracted as ore.

The open pit geometries developed for the purposes of mine planning, and which define the subsequent Ore Reserve, are based on Whittle pit shells edited to comply with practical mining requirements and identified exclusion zones.

The information that relates to Ore Reserves was compiled by Mr Ross Cheyne of Orelogy who takes overall responsibility for the Ore Reserve as Competent Person (see Competent Persons Statement above). Mr Cheyne is a Fellow of The Australasian Institute of Mining and Metallurgy and has sufficient experience, which is relevant to the style of mineralisation and type of deposit under consideration, and to the activity he is undertaking, to qualify as Competent Person in terms of the JORC (2012 Edition).

A site visit was undertaken by Mr Ryan Locke in, a Principal Consultant with Orelogy, as a nominated representative of the Competent Person.

The Ore Reserve estimate is summarised in Table 3 below, along with the associated cut-off grade used to define the shell.

Table 3:  Ore Reserve for the Kasiya Deposit as of September 2023

Classification

Tonnes
(Mt)

Rutile Grade
(%)

Contained Rutile
(Mt)

Graphite Grade (TGC) (%)

Contained Graphite
(Mt)

Proved

Probable

538

1.03%

5.5

1.66%

8.9

Total

 538

1.03%

5.5

1.66%

8.9

Pit Optimisation

An open pit optimisation utilising Whittle™ software was carried out on the Kasiya deposit using Indicated Mineral Resources only (in line with the JORC 2012 guidelines). The latest parameters available were used to determine the economic extent of the open pit excavation. The process plant production parameters were supplied by Sovereign with an initial rate of 12Mtpa and a ramp up in production from years 5 – 7 to annual rate of 24Mtpa.

 

The intention to hydro-mine the majority of the defined Ore Reserve means that there is no ability to selectively mine and all material will be extracted and sent as plant feed. Therefore, all material within the “shell” will be extracted and fed to the plant as ore and any interstitial waste and/or sub-economic grade material will be likewise treated as diluent material. However, due to the relatively homogenous and continuous nature the orebody, the quantities of this material will be relatively small and therefore a simple 5% dilution was applied within the Whittle™ tool.

For the production schedule on which the Ore Reserve is based all material within the shell was treated as “ore” to ensure the appropriate dilution was captured.

Mineable Pit Geometries

Based on the cut-off grades applied the mining areas was further interrogated to determine the potential recoverable mining inventory. The interrogation process applied the following constraints to determine the bulk mining boundaries:

·      A minimum depth of 5m for the hydro mining method.

·      Removal of any small, isolated pits.

·      Pit extents limited to mineable areas and to remain outside of identified exclusion areas wherever reasonably possible. Sovereign identified all local village areas and areas of cultural or environmental significance within the potential mining envelope that should not be disturbed during the mining phase of the Project.

MODIFYING FACTORS

The Modifying Factors included in the JORC Code (2012) have been assessed as part of the Pre-Feasibility Study, including mining, processing, metallurgical, infrastructure, economic, marketing, legal, environmental, social and government factors. The Company has received advice from appropriate experts when assessing each Modifying Factor.

A summary assessment of each relevant Modifying Factor is provided below.

Mining – refer to section entitled ‘Mining’ in the full Announcement at http://sovereignmetals.com.au/announcements/.

The Company engaged independent consultants, Orelogy and Fraser Alexander to carry out the pit optimisations, mine design, scheduling, mining cost estimation and Ore Reserves for the Study. The proposed mining method is hydro mining with minor bulldozer assistance. This is considered appropriate for this style of shallow, soft and friable saprolite-hosted rutile and graphite mineralisation. This methodology is used across numerous mineral sands operations, particularly in Africa, and is well suited for this style of mineralisation.

Rutile

The Company completed bulk rutile testwork programs at the globally recognised AML in Perth, Australia. The latest program was supervised by Sovereign’s Head of Development, Paul Marcos. Mr Marcos is a metallurgist and process engineer and a mineral sands industry veteran. Bulk test-work programs have confirmed premium grade rutile can be produced via a simple and conventional process flow sheet.

Processing engineering was completed by DRA Global who developed the process plant design and associated cost estimate for the Study. An average product grade of 96% TiO2 and 100% recovery to product factor has been applied.

Graphite

The Company has conducted graphite testwork across ALS Laboratory in Perth and SGS Lakefield in Canada. Veteran graphite metallurgist Oliver Peters, MSc, P.Eng., MBA (Consulting Metallurgist for SGS and Principal Metallurgist of Metpro Management Inc.) was engaged to supervise and consult on the testwork programs. Mr Peters has over 25 years’ experience in metallurgy on graphite and other commodities. He has operated numerous graphite pilot plants and commissioned a number of full-scale processing facilities.

DRA’s Senior Engineer, Stewart Calder and Manager Metallurgy, John Fleay supervised and advised on sample selection, testwork scope and results from the latest testwork programs. Both consultants are considered to have the appropriate capabilities and similarities with the material and the early stage of the project.

Processing engineering was completed by DRA Global who developed the process plant design and associated cost estimates for the PFS. Overall average graphite recovery applied in the model was 67.5%.  Gravity recovery ranges between 73.6% to 86.2%, averaging 77.9% and flotation plant recovery ranges between 89.2% and 96.1%, averaging 91.4%. Total Graphite (TGC) recovery average is 72.5%. Overall concentrate grades average 96% C(t) with over 57% of the graphite flake product being larger than 180µm.

Rutile & Graphite

It is acknowledged that laboratory scale test-work will not always represent actual results achieved from a production plant in terms of grade, chemistry, sizing and recovery. Further test-work will be required to gain additional confidence on specifications and recoveries that will be achieved at full-scale production.

Overall, the process flow-sheet is conventional for both rutile and graphite with no novel features or equipment incorporated.

Infrastructure – refer to sections entitled ‘Infrastructure’, and ‘Transport and  Logistics’ in the full Announcement at http://sovereignmetals.com.au/announcements/.

Kasiya is located approximately 40km northwest of Lilongwe, Malawi’s capital, and boasts excellent access to services and infrastructure. The proximity to Lilongwe gives the project a number of benefits, including access to a large pool of professionals and skilled tradespeople, as well as industrial services.

The Company appointed JCM to design a preliminary IPP solution for Kasiya. JCM is a Canada-headquartered IPP which develops, constructs, owns and operates renewable energy and storage projects in emerging markets across the globe. JCM provided an estimated, levelized cost of energy (LOCE) on a Power Purchase Agreement (PPA).

Logistics cost estimates, including rail and port infrastructure and handling, were provided by Thelo DB, Nacala Logistics and Grindrod based on market data, suppliers’ quotations, industry databases, industry contacts and consultants’ existing knowledge of southern African transport infrastructure and freight markets. All consultants are independent with substantial experience in the management of transport logistics studies in southern Africa.

Marketing – refer to sections entitled ‘Marketing Strategy’ in the full Announcement at http://sovereignmetals.com.au/announcements/.

Rutile

The Company engaged market leading TZMI to provide a bespoke marketing report to support the Study. TZMI is a global, independent consulting and publishing company specialising in technical, strategic and commercial analyses of the opaque (non-terminal market) mineral, chemical and metal sectors.

TZMI’s assessment has confirmed that, based upon their high-level view on global demand and supply forecasts for natural rutile, and with reference to the specific attributes of Kasiya, there is a reasonable expectation that the product will be able to be sold into existing and future rutile markets.

Given the premium specifications of Kasiya’s natural rutile, the product should be suitable for all major natural end-use markets including TiO2 pigment feedstock, titanium metal and welding sectors.

In July 2023, Rio Tinto made an investment in Sovereign resulting in an initial 15% shareholding and options expiring within 12 months of initial investment to increase their position to 19.99%. Under the Investment Agreement, Rio Tinto will provide assistance and advice on technical and marketing aspects of Kasiya. Also, included under the Investment Agreement, Rio Tinto has the option to become the operator of Kasiya on commercial arm’s-length terms.

In the event, Rio Tinto elect to be the operator of the Project and for so long as Rio Tinto remain the operator, Rio Tinto shall have exclusive marketing rights to market 40% of the annual production of all products from the Project as identified in the DFS on arm’s-length terms.

Rio Tinto’s option over operatorship and 40% marketing rights lapse if not exercised by the earlier of (i) 90 days after the Company announces its DFS results or 180 days after the announcement of the DFS if Rio Tinto’s advises it needs additional time to consider the exercise of the Rio Tinto’s Option or (ii) Rio Tinto ceasing to hold voting power in the Company of at least 10%.

Graphite

The Company engaged Fastmarkets, a specialist international publisher and information provider for the global steel, non-ferrous and industrial minerals markets, to prepare a marketing report for graphite.

Fastmarkets’ assessment has confirmed that based upon their high-level view on global demand and supply forecasts for natural flake graphite, and with reference to the specific attributes of Sovereign’s projects, there is a reasonable expectation that the product from Sovereign’s projects will be able to be sold into existing and future graphite markets. Given the extremely low-cost profile and high-quality product, it is expected that output from Kasiya will be able to fill new demand or substitute existing lower quality / higher cost supply.

Project considerations taken by Fastmarkets in forming an opinion about the marketability of product include:

–          Low capital costs (incremental)

–          Low operating costs

–          High quality concentrate specifications

Industry participants confirm that the highest value graphite concentrates remain the large, jumbo and super-jumbo flake fractions, primarily used in industrial applications such as refractories, foundries and expandable products. These sectors currently make up the significant majority of total global natural flake graphite market by value.

Fastmarkets have formed their opinion based solely upon project information provided by Sovereign Metals to Fastmarkets and have not conducted any independent analysis or due diligence on the information provided.

As noted above, Rio Tinto recently made an investment in Sovereign. The Company and Rio Tinto will work together to qualify Kasiya’s graphite product with a particular focus on supplying the spherical purified graphite segment of the lithium-ion battery anode market. Rio Tinto has set up a battery materials business in 2021, including its recently announced plans to set up a battery testing plant in Melbourne, Australia.

Economic – also refer to sections entitled ‘Cost Estimations’ and ‘Financial & Economic Analysis’ in the full Announcement at http://sovereignmetals.com.au/announcements/.

Capital estimates for the procress plant have been prepared by DRA global, together with input from the Company and other contributing consultants using combinations of cost estimates from suppliers, historical data, benchmarks and other independent sources. The accuracy of the initial capital cost estimate for the Project is ±20%.

Capital costs include the cost of all services, direct costs, contractor indirects, EPCM expenses, non-process infrastructure, sustaining capital and other facilities used for the mine. Capital costs make provision for mitigation expenses and mine closure and environmental costs.

Working capital requirements (including contingency) for plant commissioning and full ramp-up have been included in the headline capital estimate reported under construction, owner’s and start-up costs.

Mining costs have been estimated by Fraser Alexander, a regional leader in hydro-mining and materials handling. Mining costs have been built up from first principles based on equipment, vendor, and contractor quotations, local unit cost rates, and benchmarked costs.

Labor costs have been developed based on a first-principles build-up of staffing requirements with labour rates benchmarked in Malawi and expatriate rates benchmarked for professionals from South Africa and other jurisdictions.

A Government royalty of 5% (applied to revenue) and a vendor profit share of 2% (applied to gross profit) has been included in all project economics. A 0.45% royalty (applied to revenue) has been applied for the community development fund.

Rehabilitation and mine closure costs are included within the reported operating cost and sustaining capital figures.

A detailed financial model and discounted cash flow (DCF) analysis has been prepared by the Company in order to demonstrate the economic viability of the Project. The financial model and DCF were modelled with conservative inputs to provide management with a baseline valuation of the Project.

The DCF analysis demonstrated compelling economics of the prospective Project, with an NPV (ungeared, after-tax, at an 8% discount rate) of US$1,605 million,  and an (ungeared) IRR of 28%.

Sensitivity analysis was performed on all key assumptions used. The robust project economics insulate the Kasiya Project from variation in market pricing, capital expense, or operating expenses. With a rutile and graphite concentrate price 30% lower than the PFS prices the Project still displays a positive NPV (ungeared, after-tax, 8% discount rate) of US$636 million and IRR of 17%.

Payback period for the Project is 4.3 years from the start of production. The payback period is based on free-cash flow, after taxes.

Sovereign estimates the total capital cost to construct the mine to be US$597m (which includes a contingency of 17% of direct and indirect costs).

Key parameters are disclosed in the body of the announcement, and include:

–          Life of Mine: 25 years

–          Discount rate: 8%

–          Tax rate: 30%

–          Resource Rent Tax (RRT) of 15% after tax profit

–          Royalty rate: 5% royalty (Government), 2% of gross profit (Original Project Vendor) and 0.45% Community Development Fund.

–          Pricing:  Rutile average price of US$1,484 per tonne and Graphite average basket price of US$1,290 per tonne

The financial model has been prepared internally by the Company using inputs from the various expert consultants and has been reviewed by BDO Australia – Perth, an independent leading accountancy, tax and advisory services firm to validate the functionality and accuracy of the model.

The Company engaged the services of advisory firm, Argonaut PCF Limited (Argonaut), with regards to project economics. Argonaut is a financial advisory firm which specialises in multiple sectors, including metals and oil & gas. Argonaut is well regarded as a specialist capital markets service provider and has raised project development funding for companies across a range of commodities including the industrial and speciality minerals sector. Following the assessment of a number of key criteria, Argonaut has confirmed that, on the basis that a DFS arrives at a result that is not materially negatively different than the PFS as noted above, all in-country government and regulatory approvals are received, commercial offtake agreements are in place for the majority of rutile and graphite production for at least the first five years of mine life, and that there has not been any material adverse change in financial condition, results of operations, business or prospects of the Company/or political and business environment in Malawi and/or financial or capital markets in general, Sovereign should be able to raise sufficient funding to develop the Project.

In July 2023, Rio Tinto made an investment in Sovereign resulting in an initial 15% shareholding and options expiring within 12 months of initial investment to increase their position to 19.99%. Under the Investment Agreement, is has been agreed with Rio Tinto that if Sovereign is raising debt finance for the development of the Project, Sovereign and Rio Tinto will negotiate, in good faith, financing arrangements in order to put in place an acceptable mine construction funding package.

Since initial exploration of the Kasiya Project in November 2019, the Company has completed extensive drilling, sampling, metallurgical test-work, geological modelling and defined an Indicated and Inferred Mineral Resource Estimate. Over this period, with these key milestones being attained and the Project de-risked, the Company’s market capitalisation has increased from approximately A$18m to over A$236m. As the Project continues to achieve key milestones, which can also be significant de-risking events, the Company’s share price could be anticipated to increase.

The Company is debt free and is in a strong financial position, with approximately A$45m cash on hand (31 August 2023). The current financial position means the Company is soundly funded to continue into a DFS phase to further develop the Project.

In July and August 2023, Rio Tinto invested $40.6m to become a strategic investor of the Company. The investment proceeds will be used to advance Kasiya and represents a significant step towards unlocking the Project for a major new supply of low-CO2-footprint natural rutile and flake graphite. Under the Investment Agreement, Rio Tinto will provide assistance and advice on technical and marketing aspects of Kasiya including with respect to Sovereign’s graphite co-product, with a primary focus on spherical purified graphite for the lithium-ion battery anode market. 

The Company’s shares are listed on the ASX and AIM which are premier markets for growth companies and provides increased access to capital from institutional and retailed investors in Australia and the UK.

Sovereign has an experienced and high-quality Board and management team comprising highly respected resource executives with extensive technical, financial, commercial and capital markets experience. The directors have previously raised more than A$2bn from capital markets for a number of exploration and development companies.

 

As a result, the Board has a high level of confidence that the Project will be able to secure funding in due course, having particular regard to:

1.    Required capital expenditure;

2.    Sovereign’s strategic partner relationship with Rio Tinto;

3.    Sovereign’s market capitalisation;

4.    Recent funding activities by directors in respect of other resource projects;

5.    Recently completed funding arrangements for similar or larger scale development projects;

6.    The range of potential funding options available;

7.    The favourable key metrics generated by the Kasiya Project;

8.    Ongoing discussions for potential offtake agreements; and

9.    Investor interest to date.

Environmental, Social, Legal and Governmental – refer to section entitled ‘Environmental & Social Impact’ in the full Announcement at http://sovereignmetals.com.au/announcements/.

 

Sovereign is committed to conduct its activities in full compliance to the requirements of national regulations, its obligations under international conventions and treaties and giving due consideration to international best practices and policies. The Company has appointed an experienced environmental consultant to manage the ESIA process, and environmental and social baseline studies have commenced with appropriately qualified independent experts. The Company has also completed a high-level risk assessment to identify major environmental and social risks which could affect the development of the Project, along with mitigating strategies to allow identified risks to be addressed early in the project design phase.

The Company has embarked on several community engagement exercises in the area and there is a general positive acceptance of the Project. Social responsibility/RAP costs totalling US$92m have been included in this Study, as well as a 0.45% revenue royalty for the community development fund.

Based on the current assessments and commenced ESIA, the Company believes there are no environmental issues currently identified that cannot be appropriately mitigated in accordance with standard practices adopted for the development of mining projects.

Subject to further positive technical studies, Sovereign intends to apply for a ML to secure mineral deposits for mining. Under the Mines Act there are certain requirements, milestones and approvals required prior to submission of a ML application. At this point of Kasiya’s development, the Company notes no known issues or impediments obtaining a ML under normal course of business.

Under the current Mines Act, The Government of Malawi shall have the right, but not the obligation, to acquire, directly or through a Government nominee, without cost, a free equity ownership interest of up to ten percent (10%) in any mining project that will be subject to a large-scale mining licence (>5Mt mined per annum or >US$250m Capex).

As previously noted by the Company, the Government of Malawi has proposed a new Mines and Minerals Bill (2023) (New Bill) which has been passed by the Malawian Parliament and received Presidential Assent, though awaits publication in the Malawi Gazette before coming into force. If approved, the New Bill will replace the current Mines Act. The New Bill introduces amendments to improve transparency and governance of the mining industry in Malawi. Sovereign notes the following updates in the New Bill which may affect the Company in the future: (i) ELs may be granted for an initial period of 5 years with the ability to extend by 3 years on two occasions (total 11 years); (ii) the Malawian Government maintains a right to free equity ownership (as discussed above) for large-scale mining licences but the New Bill proposes to remove the free government equity ownership percentage with the right to be a negotiation matter; and (iii) A new Mining and Regulatory Authority will be responsible for implementing the objectives of the New Bill.

In a Press Release issued on 20 July 2023, the Government of Malawi has publicly applauded the timely investment by Rio Tinto and marked it as a milestone towards realising the country’s aspirations of growing the mining industry as promoted in the Malawi Vision 2063, which identifies mining as a priority industry.

The Government’s statement confirms its commitment to ensuring the growth of the mining sector through deliberate initiatives aiming at establishing a conducive investment environment in the sector.

 

APPENDIX 1 – JORC CODE, 2012 EDITION – TABLE 1

SECTION 1 – SAMPLING TECHNIQUES AND DATA

Criteria

 JORC Code explanation

Commentary

Sampling Techniques

Nature and quality of sampling (e.g. cut channels, random chips, or specific specialised industry standard measurement tools appropriate to the minerals under investigation, such as down hole gamma sondes, or handheld XRF instruments, etc). These examples should not be taken as limiting the broad meaning of sampling.

 

Hand Auger (HA) samples are composited based on regolith boundaries and sample chemistry generated by hand-held XRF (pXRF). Each 1m of sample is dried and riffle-split to generate a total sample weight of 3kg for analysis, generally at 2 – 5m intervals. This primary sample is then split again to create a 3kg composite to provide a 1.5kg sample for both rutile and graphite analyses.

Infill Push-Tube (PT) core drilling is sampled routinely at 2m intervals by compositing dried and riffle-split half core. A consistent, 1.5kg sample is generated for both the rutile and graphite determination.

Air-Core (AC) samples are composited based on expertly logged regolith boundaries. Each 1m of sample is dried and riffle-split to generate a total sample weight of 3kg for analysis, generally at 2m intervals. This primary sample is then split again to provide a 1.5kg sample for both rutile and graphite analyses.

Include reference to measures taken to ensure sample representivity and the appropriate calibration of any measurement tools or systems used.

 

Drilling and sampling activities are supervised by a suitably qualified company geologist who is present at all times. All drill samples are geologically logged by the geologist at the drill site/core yard.

Each sample is sun dried and homogenised. Sub-samples are carefully riffle split to ensure representivity. The 1.5kg composite samples are then processed.

An equivalent mass is taken from each sample to make up the composite. A calibration schedule is in place for laboratory scales, sieves and field XRF equipment.

Placer Consulting Pty Ltd (Placer) Resource Geologists have reviewed Standard Operating Procedures (SOPs) for the collection and processing of drill samples and found them to be fit for purpose and support the resource classifications as applied to the Mineral Resource Estimate (MRE). The primary composite sample is considered representative for this style of rutile mineralisation.

 

Aspects of the determination of mineralisation that are Material to the Public Report. In cases where ‘industry standard’ work has been done this would be relatively simple (e.g. ‘reverse circulation drilling was used to obtain 1 m samples from which 3 kg was pulverised to produce a 30 g charge for fire assay’). In other cases more explanation may be required, such as where there is coarse gold that has inherent sampling problems. Unusual commodities or mineralisation types (e.g. submarine nodules) may warrant disclosure of detailed information.

 

 

Logged mineralogy percentages, lithology/regolith information and TiO2% obtained from pXRF are used to assist in determining compositing intervals. Care is taken to ensure that only samples with similar geological characteristics are composited together.

Drilling Techniques

Drill type (e.g. core, reverse circulation, openhole hammer, rotary air blast, auger, Bangka, sonic, etc) and details (e.g. core diameter, triple or standard tube, depth of diamond tails, facesampling bit or other type, whether core is oriented and if so, by what method, etc).

 

A total of 1,357 HA holes for 12,643m have been drilled to date at the Kasiya Rutile Deposit to obtain samples for quantitative determination of recoverable rutile and Total Graphitic Carbon (TGC).

A PT infill drilling programme, designed to support this resource estimate upgrade, was completed. An additional 234 core holes for 2,368.5m were included in the updated MRE. The total PT holes contributing to the updated MRE are 488 for 4,669m.

A total of 182 AC holes for 4,404m were completed in six locations across the Kasiya deposit deemed likely to fall into mining pit areas. The results are included in this updated MRE.

Placer has reviewed SOPs for HA, PT and AC drilling and found them to be fit for purpose and support the resource classifications as applied to the MRE. Sample handling and preparation techniques are consistent for PT and coring samples.

Two similar designs of HA drilling equipment are employed. HA drilling with 75mm diameter enclosed spiral bits (SOS) with 1m long steel rods and with 62mm diameter open spiral bits (SP) with 1m long steel rods.  Drilling is oriented vertically by eye.

Each 1m of drill sample is collected into separate sample bags and set aside.  The auger bits and flights are cleaned between each metre of sampling to avoid contamination.

Core-drilling is undertaken using a drop hammer, Dando Terrier MK1. The drilling generated 1m runs of 83mm PQ core in the first 2m and then transitioned to 72mm core for the remainder of the hole. Core drilling is oriented vertically by spirit level.

AC drilling was completed by Thompson Drilling utilising a Smith Capital 10R3H compact track-mounted drill. The drilling is vertical and generates 1m samples with care taken in the top metres to ensure good recoveries of the high-grade surface material. Each 1m sample bag is immediately transported back to Sovereign’s field laydown yard where they await processing.

 

Drill Sample Recovery

Method of recording and assessing core and chip sample recoveries and results assessed.

 

Samples are assessed visually for recoveries. The configuration of drilling and nature of materials encountered results in negligible sample loss or contamination.

HA and PT drilling is ceased when recoveries become poor once the water table has been reached. Water table and recovery information is included in lithological logs.

Core drilling samples are actively assessed by the driller and geologist onsite for recoveries and contamination.

AC drilling recovery in the top few metres are moderate to good. Extra care is taken to ensure sample is recovered best as possible in these metres. Recoveries are recorded on the rig at the time of drilling by the geologist. Drilling is ceased when recoveries become poor or once Saprock or refusal has been reached.

 

Measures taken to maximise sample recovery and ensure representative nature of the samples.

 

The Company’s trained geologists supervise drilling on a 1 team 1 geologist basis and are responsible for monitoring all aspects of the drilling and sampling process.

For PT drilling, core is extruded into core trays; slough is actively removed by the driller at the drilling rig and core recovery and quality is recorded by the geologist.

AC samples are recovered in large plastic bags. The bags are clearly labelled and delivered back to sovereign’s laydown yard at the end of shift for processing.

 

Whether a relationship exists between sample recovery and grade and whether sample bias may have occurred due to preferential loss/gain of fine/coarse material.

 

No relationship is believed to exist between grade and sample recovery. The high percentage of silt and absence of hydraulic inflow from groundwater at this deposit results in a sample size that is well within the expected size range.

No bias related to preferential loss or gain of different materials is observed.

 

Logging

Whether core and chip samples have been geologically and geotechnically logged to a level of detail to support appropriate Mineral Resource estimation mining studies and metallurgical studies.

 

Geologically, data is collected in detail, sufficient to aid in Mineral Resource estimation.

All individual 1m HA intervals are geologically logged, recording relevant data to a set log-chief template using company codes. A small representative sample is collected for each 1m interval and placed in appropriately labelled chip trays for future reference.

All individual 1m PT core intervals are geologically logged, recording relevant data to a set log-chief template using company codes.

Half core remains in the trays and is securely stored in the company warehouse.

All individual AC 1-metre intervals are geologically logged, recording relevant features.

data to a set log-chief template using company codes. A small representative sample is collected for each 1-metre interval and placed in appropriately labelled chip trays for future reference.

 

Whether logging is qualitative or quantitative in nature. Core (or costean, channel, etc.) photography.

 

All logging includes lithological features and estimates of basic mineralogy. Logging is generally qualitative.

The PT core is photographed dry, after logging and sampling is completed.

 

The total length and percentage of the relevant intersection logged

 

 

100% of samples are geologically logged.

Sub-sampling techniques and sample preparation

If core, whether cut or sawn and whether quarter, half or all core taken.

 

 

Due to the soft nature of the material, core samples are carefully cut in half by hand tools.

 

If non-core, whether riffled, tube sampled, rotary split, etc. and whether sampled wet or dry.

HA, PT and AC hole samples are dried, riffle split and composited. Samples are collected and homogenised prior to splitting to ensure sample representivity. ~1.5kg composite samples are processed.

An equivalent mass is taken from each primary sample to make up the composite.

The primary composite sample is considered representative for this style of mineralisation and is consistent with industry standard practice.

 

 

For all sample types, the nature, quality and appropriateness of the sample preparation technique.

 

Techniques for sample preparation are detailed on SOP documents verified by Placer Resource Geologists.

Sample preparation is recorded on a standard flow sheet and detailed QA/QC is undertaken on all samples. Sample preparation techniques and QA/QC protocols are appropriate for mineral determination and support the resource classifications as stated.

 

 

Quality control procedures adopted for all sub-sampling stages to maximise representivity of samples.

 

The sampling equipment is cleaned after each sub-sample is taken.

Field duplicate, laboratory replicate and standard sample geostatistical analysis is employed to manage sample precision and analysis accuracy.

 

Measures taken to ensure that the sampling is representative of the in situ material collected, including for instance results for field duplicate/second-half sampling.

 

Sample size analysis is completed to verify sampling accuracy. Field duplicates are collected for precision analysis of riffle splitting. SOPs consider sample representivity. Results indicate a sufficient level of precision for the resource classification.

Whether sample sizes are appropriate to the grain size of the material being sampled.

 

 

The sample size is considered appropriate for the material sampled.

Quality of assay data and laboratory tests

The nature, quality and appropriateness of the assaying and laboratory procedures used and whether the technique is considered partial or total.

Rutile

The Malawi onsite laboratory sample preparation methods are considered quantitative to the point where a heavy mineral concentrate (HMC) is generated.

Final results generated are for recovered rutile i.e, the % mass of the sample that is rutile that can be recovered to the non-magnetic component of a HMC.

Heavy liquid separation (HLS) of the HM is no longer required and a HM result is not reported in the updated MRE. The HMC prepared via wet-table, gravity separation at the Lilongwe Laboratory provides an ideal sample for subsequent magnetic separation and XRF.

All 8,855 samples (not incl. QA) included in the MRE update received the following workflow undertaken on-site in Malawi;

·      Dry sample in oven for 1 hour at 105

·      Soak in water and lightly agitate

·      Wet screen at 5mm, 600µm and 45µm to remove oversize and slimes material

·      Dry +45µm -600mm (sand fraction) in oven for 1 hour at 105

7,904 of the 8,855 samples received the following workflow undertaken on-site in Malawi

·      Pass +45µm -600mm (sand fraction) across wet table to generate a HMC.

·      Dry HMC in oven for 30 minutes at 105

Bag HMC fraction and send to Perth, Australia for quantitative chemical and mineralogical determination.

951 of the 8,855 samples received the following workflow undertaken at Perth based Laboratories (superseded).

·      Split ~150g of sand fraction for HLS using Tetrabromoethane (TBE, SG 2.96g/cc) as the liquid heavy media to generate HMC. Work undertaken at Diamantina Laboratories.

4,738 of the 8,855 samples received magnetic separation undertaken at Allied Mineral Laboratories in Perth, Western Australia.

·      Magnetic separation of the HMC by Carpco magnet @ 16,800G (2.9Amps) into a magnetic (M) and non-magnetic (NM) fraction.

4,117 of the 8,855 samples received magnetic separation undertaken on-site in Malawi. 

·      Magnetic separation of the HMC by Mineral Technologies Reading Pilot IRM (Induced Roll Magnetic) @ 16,800G (2.9Amps) into a magnetic (M) and non-magnetic (NM) fraction.

All 8,855 routine samples received the following chemical analysis in Perth, Western Australia.

·      The routine NM fractions are sent to ALS Metallurgy Perth for quantitative XRF analysis. Samples receive XRF_MS and are analysed for:  TiO2, Al2O3, CaO, Cr2O3, Fe2O3, K2O, MgO, MnO, SiO2, V2O5, ZrO2, HfO2.

Graphite

8,078 graphite samples are processed at Intertek-Genalysis Johannesburg and Perth via method C72/CSA.

A portion of each test sample is dissolved in dilute hydrochloric acid to liberate carbonate carbon. The solution is filtered using a filter paper and the collected residue is the dried to 425°C in a muffle oven to drive off organic carbon. The dried sample is then combusted in a Carbon/ Sulphur analyser to yield total graphitic or TGC.

An Eltra CS-800 induction furnace infra-red CS analyser is then used to determine the remaining carbon which is reported as TGC as a percentage.

For geophysical tools, spectrometers, handheld XRF instruments, etc., the parameters used in determining the analysis including instrument make and model, reading times, calibrations factors applied and their derivation, etc.

 

 

Acceptable levels of accuracy and precision have been established. No pXRF methods are used for quantitative determination.

Nature of quality control procedures adopted (e.g. standards, blanks, duplicate, external laboratory checks) and whether acceptable levels of accuracy (i.e. lack of bias) and precision have been established.

 

Sovereign uses internal and externally sourced wet screening reference material inserted into samples batches at a rate of 1 in 20. The externally sourced, certified standard reference material for HM and Slimes assessment is provided by Placer Consulting.

An external laboratory raw sample duplicate is sent to laboratories in Perth, Australia as an external check of the full workflow. These duplicates are produced at a rate of 1 in 20.

Accuracy monitoring is achieved through submission of certified reference materials (CRM’s). ALS and Intertek both use internal CRMs and duplicates on XRF analyses.

Sovereign also inserts CRMs into the sample batches at a rate of 1 in 20.

Three Rutile CRMs are used by Sovereign and range from 35% – 95% TiO2.

Three Graphite CRMs are used by Sovereign and range from 3% – 25% TGC.

Analysis of sample duplicates is undertaken by standard geostatistical methodologies (Scatter, Pair Difference and QQ Plots) to test for bias and to ensure that sample splitting is representative.  Standards determine assay accuracy performance, monitored on control charts, where failure (beyond 3SD from the mean) may trigger re-assay of the affected batch.

Examination of the QA/QC sample data indicates satisfactory performance of field sampling protocols and assay laboratories providing acceptable levels of precision and accuracy.

Acceptable levels of accuracy and precision are displayed in geostatistical analyses to support the resource classifications as applied to the estimate.

 

 

Verification of sampling & assaying

The verification of significant intersections by either independent or alternative company personnel.

 

Results are reviewed in cross-section using Datamine Studio RM software and any spurious results are investigated.  The deposit type and consistency of mineralisation leaves little room for unexplained variance. Extreme high grades are not encountered.

 

The use of twinned holes.

Twinned holes are drilled across a geographically dispersed area to determine short-range geological and assay field variability for the resource estimation.  Twin drilling is applied at a rate of 1 in 20 routine holes. Twin paired data in all drill methods represent ~4% of the database included in the updated MRE. Substantial comparative data between different drilling types and test pit results are also available but not referenced in the MRE.

Documentation of primary data, data entry procedures, data verification, data storage (physical and electronic) protocols.

All data are collected electronically using coded templates and logging software. This data is then imported to a cloud hosted Database and validated automatically and manually.

A transition to electronic field and laboratory data capture has been achieved.

 

Discuss any adjustment to assay data.

 

Assay data adjustments are made to convert laboratory collected weights to assay field percentages and to account for moisture.

QEMSCAN of the NM fraction shows dominantly clean and liberated rutile grains and confirms rutile is the only titanium species in the NM fraction.

Recovered rutile is defined and reported here as: TiO2 recovered in the +45 to -600um range to the NM concentrate fraction as a % of the total primary, dry, raw sample mass divided by 95% (to represent an approximation of final product specifications). i.e recoverable rutile within the whole sample.

 

Location of data points

Accuracy and quality of surveys used to locate drill holes (collar and down-hole surveys), trenches, mine workings and other locations used in Mineral Resource estimation.

 

A Trimble R2 Differential GPS is used to pick up the collars. Daily capture at a registered reference marker ensures equipment remains in calibration.

No downhole surveying of any holes is completed. Given the vertical nature and shallow depths of the holes, drill hole deviation is not considered to significantly affect the downhole location of samples.

 

 

Specification of the grid system used.

WGS84 UTM Zone 36 South.

 

Quality and adequacy of topographic control.

The digital terrane model (DTM) was generated by wireframing a 20m-by-20m lidar drone survey point array, commissioned by SVM in March 2022. Major cultural features were removed from the survey points file prior to generating the topographical wireframe for resource model construction. The ultra-high resolution 3D drone aerial survey was executed utilising a RTK GPS equipped Zenith aircraft with accuracy of <10cm ground sampling distance (GSD). Post-processing includes the removal of cultural features that do not reflect material movements (pits, mounds, etc)

The DTM is suitable for the classification of the resources as stated.

 

Data spacing & distribution

Data spacing for reporting of Exploration Results.

The HA collars are spaced at nominally 400m along the 400m spaced drill-lines with the PT holes similarly spaced at an offset, infill grid. The resultant 200m-by-200m drill spacing (to the strike orientation of the deposit) is deemed to adequately define the mineralisation in the MRE.

The AC collars are spaced on a 200m x 200m grid which is deemed to adequately define the mineralisation.

The PT twin and density sample holes are selectively placed throughout the deposit to ensure a broad geographical and lithological spread for the analysis. 

 

Whether the data spacing and distribution is sufficient to establish the degree of geological and grade continuity appropriate for the Mineral Resource and Ore Reserve estimation procedure(s) and classifications applied.

The drill spacing and distribution is considered to be sufficient to establish a degree of geological and grade continuity appropriate for the Mineral Resource estimation.  

Kriging neighbourhood analysis completed using Supervisor software informs the optimal drill and sample spacing for the MRE. Based on these results and the experience of the Competent Person, the data spacing and distribution is considered adequate for the definition of mineralisation and adequate for Mineral Resource Estimation.

 

Whether sample compositing has been applied.

Individual 1m auger intervals have been composited, based on lithology, at 2 – 5m sample intervals for the 1,357 HA holes. 488 PT core holes have been sampled at a regular 2m interval to provide greater control on mineralisation for the Indicated Resource.

Individual 1m intervals have been composited, based on lithology, at a max 2m sample interval for the 182 AC holes.

The DH Compositing tool was utilised in Supervisor software to define the optimal sample compositing length. A 2m interval is applied to the MRE.

 

Orientation of data in relation to geological structure

Whether the orientation of sampling achieves unbiased sampling of possible structures and the extent to which this is known considering the deposit type

 

Sample orientation is vertical and approximately perpendicular to the orientation of the mineralisation, which results in true thickness estimates, limited by the sampling interval as applied. Drilling and sampling are carried out on a regular square grid. There is no apparent bias arising from the orientation of the drill holes with respect to the orientation of the deposit.

 

If the relationship between the drilling orientation and the orientation of key mineralised structures is considered to have introduced a sampling bias, this should be assessed and reported if material.

 

 

There is no apparent bias arising from the orientation of the drill holes with respect to the orientation of the deposit.

Sample security

The measures taken to ensure sample security

Samples are stored in secure storage from the time of drilling, through gathering, compositing and analysis.  The samples are sealed as soon as site preparation is complete.

A reputable international transport company with shipment tracking enables a chain of custody to be maintained while the samples move from Malawi to Australia. Samples are again securely stored once they arrive and are processed at Australian laboratories. A reputable domestic courier company manages the movement of samples within Perth, Australia.

At each point of the sample workflow the samples are inspected by a company representative to monitor sample condition. Each laboratory confirms the integrity of the samples upon receipt. 

Audits or reviews

The results of any audits or reviews of sampling techniques and data

 

The CP Richard Stockwell has reviewed and advised on all stages of data collection, sample processing, QA protocol and Mineral Resource Estimation. Methods employed are considered industry best-practice.

Perth Laboratory visits have been completed by Mr Stockwell. Field and in-country lab visits have been completed by Mr Stockwell in May 2022. A high standard of operation, procedure and personnel was observed and reported.

Sovereign Metals Managing Director Julian Stephens and Exploration Manager Samuel Moyle have been onsite in Malawi numerous times since the discovery of the Kasiya Deposit.

 

SECTION 2 – REPORTING OF EXPLORATION RESULTS

Criteria

Explanation

Commentary

Mineral tenement & land tenure status

Type, reference name/number, location and ownership including agreements or material issues with third parties such as joint ventures, partnerships, overriding royalties, native title interests, historical sites, wilderness or national park and environment settings.

The Company owns 100% of the following Exploration Licences (ELs) and Licence Applications (APLs) under the Mines and Minerals Act 2019, held in the Company’s wholly-owned, Malawi-registered subsidiaries: EL0561, EL0492, EL0609, EL0582, EL0545, EL0528, EL0657 and APL0404.

A 5% royalty is payable to the government upon mining and a 2% of net profit royalty is payable to the original project vendor.

No significant native vegetation or reserves exist in the area. The region is intensively cultivated for agricultural crops.

The security of the tenure held at the time of reporting along with any known impediments to obtaining a licence to operate in the area.

The tenements are in good standing and no known impediments to exploration or mining exist.

Exploration done by other parties

 

Acknowledgement and appraisal of exploration by other parties.

Sovereign Metals Ltd is a first-mover in the discovery and definition of residual rutile and graphite resources in Malawi. No other parties are, or have been, involved in exploration.

 

Geology

Deposit type, geological setting and style of mineralisation

The rutile deposit type is considered a residual placer formed by the intense weathering of rutile-rich basement paragneisses and variable enrichment by elluvial processes.

Rutile occurs in a mostly topographically flat area west of Malawi’s capital, known as the Lilongwe Plain, where a deep tropical weathering profile is preserved. A typical profile from top to base is generally soil (“SOIL” 0-1m) ferruginous pedolith (“FERP”, 1-4m), mottled zone (“MOTT”, 4-7m), pallid saprolite (“PSAP”, 7-9m), saprolite (“SAPL”, 9-25m), saprock (“SAPR”, 25-35m) and fresh rock (“FRESH” >35m).

The low-grade graphite mineralisation occurs as multiple bands of graphite gneisses, hosted within a broader Proterozoic paragneiss package. In the Kasiya areas specifically, the preserved weathering profile hosts significant vertical thicknesses, from near surface, of graphite mineralisation.

 

Drill hole information

A summary of all information material to the understanding of the exploration results including a tabulation of the following information for all Material drill holes: easting and northings of the drill hole collar; elevation or RL (Reduced Level-elevation above sea level in metres of the drill hole collar); dip and azimuth of the hole; down hole length and interception depth; and hole length

All intercepts relating to the Kasiya Deposit have been included in public releases during each phase of exploration and in this report. Releases included all collar and composite data and these can be viewed on the Company website.

There are no further drill hole results that are considered material to the understanding of the exploration results. Identification of the broad zone of mineralisation is made via multiple intersections of drill holes and to list them all would not give the reader any further clarification of the distribution of mineralisation throughout the deposit.

 

If the exclusion of this information is justified on the basis that the information is not Material and this exclusion does not detract from the understanding of the report, the Competent Person should clearly explain why this is the case

No information has been excluded.

Data aggregation methods

In reporting Exploration Results, weighting averaging techniques, maximum and/or minimum grade truncations (e.g. cutting of high-grades) and cut-off grades are usually Material and should be stated.

All results reported are of a length-weighted average of in-situ grades. The resource is reported at a range of bottom cut-off grades in recognition that optimisation and financial assessment is outstanding.

A nominal bottom cut of 0.7% rutile is offered, based on preliminary assessment of resource product value and anticipated cost of operations.

Where aggregate intercepts incorporate short lengths of high-grade results and longer lengths of low-grade results, the procedure used for such aggregation should be stated and some typical examples of such aggregations should be shown in detail.

No data aggregation was required.

The assumptions used for any reporting of metal equivalent values should be clearly stated.

Rutile Equivalent (RutEq)

Formula: ((Rutile Grade x Recovery (100%) x Rutile Price (US$1,484/t) + Graphite Grade x Recovery (67.5%) x Graphite Price (US$1,290/t)) / Rutile Price (US$1,484/t)).

Commodity Prices:

·      Rutile price: US$1,484/t

·      Graphite price: US$1,290/t

Metallurgical Recovery to Product:

·      Rutile Recovery: 100%

·      Graphite Recovery: 67.5%

All assumptions taken from this Study and with discussion and Modifying Factors included in this document.

Relationship between mineralisation widths & intercept lengths

These relationships are particularly important in the reporting of Exploration Results.

The mineralisation has been released by weathering of the underlying, layered gneissic bedrock that broadly trends NE-SW at Kasiya North and N-S at Kasiya South. It lies in a laterally extensive superficial blanket with high-grade zones reflecting the broad bedrock strike orientation of ~045° in the North of Kasiya and 360° in the South of Kasiya.

 

If the geometry of the mineralisation with respect to the drill hole angle is known, its nature should be reported.

The mineralisation is laterally extensive where the entire weathering profile is preserved and not significantly eroded. Minor removal of the mineralised profile has occurred in alluvial channels. These areas are adequately defined by the drilling pattern and topographical control for the resource estimate.

If it is not known and only the down hole lengths are reported, there should be a clear statement to this effect (e.g. ‘down hole length, true width not known’.

Downhole widths approximate true widths limited to the sample intervals applied. Mineralisation remains open at depth and in areas coincident with high-rutile grade lithologies in basement rocks, is increasing with depth. Graphite results are approximate true width as defined by the sample interval and typically increase with depth.

 

Diagrams

Appropriate maps and sections (with scales) and tabulations of intercepts should be included for any significant discovery being reported. These should include, but not be limited to a plan view of the drill collar locations and appropriate sectional views.

Refer to figures in this report and in previous releases. These are accessible on the Company’s webpage.

Balanced reporting

Where comprehensive reporting of all Exploration Results is not practicable, representative reporting of both low and high-grades and/or widths should be practiced to avoid misleading reporting of exploration results.

All results are included in this report and in previous releases. These are accessible on the Company’s webpage.

Other substantive exploration data

Other exploration data, if meaningful and material, should be reported including (but not limited to: geological observations; geophysical survey results; geochemical survey results; bulk samples – size and method of treatment; metallurgical test results; bulk density, groundwater, geotechnical and rock characteristics; potential deleterious or contaminating substances.

Limited lateritic duricrust has been variably developed at Kasiya, as is customary in tropical highland areas subjected to seasonal wet/dry cycles. Lithological logs record drilling refusal in just under 2% of the HA/PT drill database. No drilling refusal was recorded above the saprock interface by AC drilling.

Slimes (-45 µm) averages 46wt% in the Indicated Resource at a 0.7% rutile bottom cut. Separation test work conducted at AML demonstrates the success in applying a contemporary mineral sands flowsheet in treating this material and achieving excellent rutile recovery.

Sample quality (representivity) is established by geostatistical analysis of comparable sample intervals.

Several generations of QEMSCAN analysis of the NM performed at ALS Metallurgy fraction shows dominantly clean and liberated rutile grains and confirms rutile is the only titanium species in the NM fraction.

 

Further work

The nature and scale of planned further work (e.g. test for lateral extensions or depth extensions or large-scale step-out drilling).

Further AC drilling will allow the definition of a more extensive saprock-interface basement and should continue to deliver additional resources below the HA/PT-drilled regions.

A greater understanding of the lithological character and extent of those basement units, where high-grade (>1%) rutile persists at the saprock interface, may assist in focussing further resource definition and exploration targeting. 

Further metallurgical assessment is suggested to characterise rutile quality and establish whether any chemical variability is inherent across the deposit.

Trialling drill definition at a 100m spacing is suggested for Measured Resource assessment.

 

Diagrams clearly highlighting the areas of possible extensions, including the main geological interpretations and future drilling areas, provided this information is not commercially sensitive.

Refer to diagrams in the body of this report and in previous releases. These are accessible on the Company’s webpage.

 

 

SECTION 3 – ESTIMATION AND REPORTING OF MINERAL RESOURCES

Criteria

JORC Code explanation

Commentary

 

Measures taken to ensure that data has not been corrupted by, for example, transcription or keying errors, between its initial collection and its use for Mineral Resource estimation purposes.

Data are manually entered into database tables according to SOPs and conforming to company field names and classifications. These are then migrated to Datashed5 cloud-hosted database managed internally by the Company with validation and quarantine capability. Relevant tables from the database are exported to csv format and forwarded to Placer for independent review.

Data validation procedures used.

Validation of the primary data include checks for overlapping intervals, missing survey data, missing assay data, missing lithological data, missing and mis-matched (to Lithology) collars.

Statistical, out-of-range, distribution, error and missing data validation is completed by Placer on data sets before being compiled into a de-surveyed drill hole file and interrogated in 3D using Datamine Studio RM software.

All questions relating to the input data are forwarded to the client for review and resolution prior to resource estimation.

Comment on any site visits undertaken by the Competent Person and the outcome of those visits.

 

Perth Laboratory visits have been completed by the Competent Person, Mr Richard Stockwell. Field and in-country lab visits were complete over a 1-week period in May 2022. A high standard of operation, procedure and personnel was observed and reported.

If no site visits have been undertaken indicate why this is the case.

Not applicable

Confidence in (or conversely, the uncertainty of) the geological interpretation of the mineral deposit.

 

There is a high degree of repeatability and uniformity in the geological character of the Kasiya Deposit demonstrated by lithological logging of AC, PT core and HA samples. Satellite imagery and airborne geophysical data provided guidance for interpreting the strike continuity of the deposit.

Drill hole intercept logging and assay results (AC, PT and HA), stratigraphic interpretations from drill core and geological logs of drill data have formed the basis for the geological interpretation. The drilling exclusively targeted the SOIL, FERP, MOTT and SAPL weathering horizons, with no sampling of the SAPR and below the upper level of the fresh rock (FRESH) domain.

Nature of the data used and of any assumptions made.

 

No assumptions were made.

The effect, if any, of alternative interpretations on Mineral Resource estimation.

No alternative interpretations on Mineral Resource Estimation are offered.

The use of geology in guiding and controlling Mineral Resource estimation.

 

The mineral resource is constrained by the drill array plus one interval in each of the X, Y and Z axes.

The topographical DTM constrains the vertical extent of the resource. Rutile, enriched at surface by deflation and elluvial processes, is constrained internally by a hard boundary at the base of the SOIL and FERP horizons that overly the (generally less-mineralised) MOTT and SAPL horizons. In this way, continuity of rutile, observed in surface drilling results, is honoured between drill lines rather than being diluted by averaging with underlying, lower-grade material.

The base to mineralisation is arbitrarily designated at effective drill depth plus one (average sample width) interval in the Z orientation in HA/PT drilling. The effective drill depth is where HA drilling intersects the static water table, rather than being a true depth to un-mineralised basement. Deeper drilling using the AC method has shown rutile enrichment persists to bedrock and a material resource increase is anticipated upon application of this method to a broader area.

A base to mineralisation of BOH plus 2.7m (-2.7 RL) is retained for this estimate, where drilled by HA/PT methods. This basement horizon is interpreted on 200m north sections and accounts for artifacts of ineffective drilling terminating in soil or ferp horizons. It is applied consistently to both Indicated and Inferred resource areas.

AC drilling has accurately defined depth to basement at the saprock interface, which has been modelled where intersected in the updated MRE.

The factors affecting continuity both of grade and geology.

Rutile grade is generally concentrated in surface regolith horizons. Deposit stratigraphy and weathering is consistent along and across strike. Rutile grade trend is oriented at 45 degrees at Kasiya North and 360 degrees at Kasiya South, which mimics the underlying basement source rocks and residual topography. Rutile varies across strike as a result of the layering of mineralised and non-mineralised basement rocks.

The extent and variability of the Mineral Resource expressed as length (along strike or otherwise), plan width, and depth below surface to the upper and lower limits of the Mineral Resource.

The Kasiya mineralised footprint strikes NE – SW and currently occupies an area of about 201km2.

Depth to basement is described previously.

The nature and appropriateness of the estimation technique(s) applied and key assumptions, including treatment of extreme grade values, domaining, interpolation parameters and maximum distance of extrapolation from data points. If a computer assisted estimation method was chosen include a description of computer software and parameters used.

 

Datamine Studio RM and Supervisor software are used for the data analysis, variography, geological interpretation and resource estimation. Key fields are interpolated into the volume model using a range of parameters and interpolation methods to establish best fit for the deposit. For the Kasiya MRE update, the Inverse Distance weighting (power 4) method was seen to perform a superior interpolation of informing data and replication of the high-value and thin, surface (SOIL/FERP) grade distribution. This was assisted by the (customary) application of a Dynamic Anisotropy search, informed by the results of variography, Suitable limitations on the number of samples and the impact of those samples, was maintained.

Extreme grade values were not identified by statistical analysis, nor were they anticipated in this style of deposit.  No top cut is applied to the resource estimation.

Interpolation was constrained by hard boundaries (domains) that result from the geological interpretation.

The availability of check estimates, previous estimates and/or mine production records and whether the Mineral Resource estimate takes appropriate account of such data.

This is the fourth MRE for the Kasiya Deposit.

Bulk-scale test work has been completed and results support the view of the Competent Person that an economic deposit of readily separable, high-quality rutile is anticipated from the Kasiya Deposit. The recovery of a coarse-flake graphite by-product was achieved by the test work.

The assumptions made regarding recovery of by-products.

A graphite co-product was modelled as recoverable TGC.

Estimation of deleterious elements or other non-grade variables of economic significance (e.g. sulphur for acid mine drainage characterisation).

No significant deleterious elements are identified. A selection of assay, magnetic separation and XRF results are modelled and are reported.

In the case of block model interpolation, the block size in relation to the average sample spacing and the search employed.

 

The average parent cell size used is equivalent to the average drill hole spacing within the Indicated Resource (200m*200m).  Cell size in the Z-axis is established to cater for the composite sample spacing and definition of the Topsoil domain. This resulted in a parent cell size of 200m x 200m x 3m for the volume model with 5 sub-cell splits available in the X and Y axes and 10 in the Z axis to smooth topographical and lithological transitions. Both parent cell and sub-cell interpolations were completed and reported. The sub-cell interpolation was again applied to this MRE as it better reflected the geological interpretation and a reasonable graduation of informing data through intermediate cell areas.

A Topsoil horizon has been defined at 0.3m thickness throughout the Indicated Resource area to support anticipated ore reserve calculation and mining studies. Topsoil is disclosed separately but remains in the MRE in recognition of advanced rehabilitation studies in the PFS by Agreenco.

Any assumptions behind modelling of selective mining units.

No assumptions were made regarding the modelling of selective mining units.  The resource is reported at an Indicated level of confidence and is suitable for optimisation and the calculation of a Probable Reserve.

Any assumptions about correlation between variables.

 

No assumptions were made regarding the correlation between variables.

Description of how the geological interpretation was used to control the resource estimates.

 

Interpolation was constrained by hard boundaries (domains) that result from the geological interpretation.

Discussion of basis for using or not using grade cutting or capping.

Extreme grade values were not identified by statistical analysis, nor were they anticipated in this style of deposit.  No top cut is applied to the resource estimation.

The process of validation, the checking process used, the comparison of model data to drill hole data, and use of reconciliation data if available.

Validation of grade interpolations was done visually In Datamine by loading model and drill hole files and annotating, colouring and using filtering to check for the appropriateness of interpolations.

Statistical distributions were prepared for model zones from both drill holes and the model to compare the effectiveness of the interpolation. Distributions of section line averages (swath plots) for drill holes and models were also prepared for each zone and orientation for comparison purposes.

The resource model has effectively averaged informing drill hole data and is considered suitable to support the resource classifications as applied to the estimate.

Whether the tonnages are estimated on a dry basis or with natural moisture, and the method of determination of the moisture content.

Tonnages are estimated on a dry basis. No moisture content is factored.

The basis of the adopted cut-off grade(s) or quality parameters applied.

The resource is reported at a range of bottom cut-off grades in recognition that optimisation and financial assessment is outstanding.

A nominal bottom cut of 0.7% rutile is offered, based on preliminary assessment of resource value and anticipated operational cost.

Assumptions made regarding possible mining methods, minimum mining dimensions and internal (or, if applicable, external) mining dilution. It is always necessary as part of the process of determining reasonable prospects for eventual economic extraction to consider potential mining methods, but the assumptions made regarding mining methods and parameters when estimating Mineral Resources may not always be rigorous. Where this is the case, this should be reported with an explanation of the basis of the mining assumptions made.

Hydro-mining has been determined as the optimal method of mining for the Kasiya Rutile deposit. The materials competence is loose, soft, fine and friable with no cemented sand or dense clay layers rendering it amenable to hydro-mining. It is considered that the strip ratio would be zero or near zero.

Dilution is considered to be minimal as mineralisation commonly occurs from surface and mineralisation is generally gradational with few sharp boundaries.

Recovery parameters have not been factored into the estimate.  However, the valuable minerals are readily separable due to their SG differential and are expected to have a high recovery through the proposed, conventional wet concentration plant.

The basis for assumptions or predictions regarding metallurgical amenability. It is always necessary as part of the process of determining reasonable prospects for eventual economic extraction to consider potential metallurgical methods, but the assumptions regarding metallurgical treatment processes and parameters made when reporting Mineral Resources may not always be rigorous. Where this is the case, this should be reported with an explanation of the basis of the metallurgical assumptions made.

Rigorous metallurgical testwork on rutile and graphite recoverability and specifications has been completed on numerous bulk samples since 2018.

Rutile recovered to product is modelled at 100% and graphite recovered to product is modelled at 67.5%.

Both products have best-in-class chemical and physical specifications.

Refer to text for further details.

 

Assumptions made regarding possible waste and process residue disposal options. It is always necessary as part of the process of determining reasonable prospects for eventual economic extraction to consider the potential environmental impacts of the mining and processing operation. While at this stage the determination of potential environmental impacts, particularly for a greenfields project, may not always be well advanced, the status of early consideration of these potential environmental impacts should be reported. Where these aspects have not been considered this should be reported with an explanation of the environmental assumptions made.

A large portion of the Mineral Resource is confined to the SOIL, FERP and MOTT weathering domains, and any sulphide minerals have been oxidised in the geological past. Therefore, acid mine-drainage is not anticipated to be a significant risk when mining from the oxidised domain.

 

The Kasiya deposit is located within a farming area and has villages located along the strike of the deposit. Sovereign holds regular discussions with local landholders and community groups to keep them well informed of the status and future planned directions of the project. Sovereign has benefited from maintaining good relations with landowners and enjoys strong support from the community at large.

Kasiya is in a sub-equatorial region of Malawi and is subject to heavy seasonal rainfall, with rapid growth of vegetation in season. Substantial vegetation or nature reserve is absent in the area.

Whether assumed or determined. If assumed, the basis for the assumptions. If determined, the method used, whether wet or dry, the frequency of the measurements, the nature, size and representativeness of the samples.

Density was calculated from 310 full core samples taken from geographically and lithologically-diverse sites across the deposit. Density is calculated using a cylinder volume wet and dry method performed by Sovereign in Malawi and calculations verified by Placer Consulting.

Density data was loaded into an Excel file, which was flagged against weathering horizons and mineralisation domains. These results were then averaged, by domain and applied to the MRE.

The bulk density for bulk material must have been measured by methods that adequately account for void spaces (vughs, porosity, etc.), moisture and differences between rock and alteration zones within the deposit.

As above.

Discuss assumptions for bulk density estimates used in the evaluation process of the different materials.

An average density of 1.65 t/m3 was determined for the total weathering profile.

This incorporates and average density of 1.39 t/m3 for the SOIL domain, 1.58 t/m3 for the FERP domain, 1.66 t/m3 for the MOTT domain, 1.69 t/m3 for the PSAP domain, 1.97 t/m3 for the SAPL domain, and 1.95 t/m3 for the LAT domain. Density data are interpolated into the resource estimate by the nearest neighbour method.

The basis for the classification of the Mineral Resources into varying confidence categories.

 

Classification of the MRE is at an Indicated and Inferred category. Minor regions of unclassified material occur in sparsely drilled, typically extraneous regions of the mineralised area. These are excluded from the resource inventory.  

Inferred classification is attributed to those areas with drilling spaced at 400m x 400m. Indicated classification is attributed to those areas with drilling spaced at 200m x 200m.

Whether appropriate account has been taken of all relevant factors (i.e. relative confidence in tonnage/grade estimations, reliability of input data, confidence in continuity of geology and metal values, quality, quantity and distribution of the data).

All available data were assessed and the competent person’s relative confidence in the data was used to assist in the classification of the Mineral Resource.

Whether the result appropriately reflects the Competent Person’s view of the deposit

Results appropriately reflects a reasonable and conservative view of the deposit.

The results of any audits or reviews of Mineral Resource estimates.

Independent audit of the MRE construction was contracted to Datamine Australia by Placer prior to delivery to SVM. A third party is engaged by SVM for a further verification of the MRE.

Where appropriate a statement of the relative accuracy and confidence level in the Mineral Resource estimate using an approach or procedure deemed appropriate by the Competent Person. For example, the application of statistical or geostatistical procedures to quantify the relative accuracy of the resource within stated confidence limits, or, if such an approach is not deemed appropriate, a qualitative discussion of the factors that could affect the relative accuracy and confidence of the estimate.

Substantial additional mineralisation was expected to occur below the effective depth of HA and PT drilling. This has been confirmed by the deeper AC drilling.

A high-degree of uniformity exists in the broad and contiguous lithological and grade character of the deposit. Drilling technique have been expertly applied and data collection procedures, density assessments, QA protocols and interpretations conform to industry best practice with few exceptions.

Assay, mineralogical determinations and metallurgical test work conform to industry best practice and demonstrate a rigorous assessment of product and procedure. The development of a conventional processing flowsheet and marketability studies support the classification of the Kasiya Resource.

The statement should specify whether it relates to global or local estimates, and, if local, state the relevant tonnages, which should be relevant to technical and economic evaluation. Documentation should include assumptions made and the procedures used.

The estimate is global.

 

These statements of relative accuracy and confidence of the estimate should be compared with production data, where available.

No production data are available to reconcile model results.

 

SECTION 4 – ESTIMATION AND REPORTING OF ORE RESERVES

 

Criteria

Explanation

Commentary

Mineral Resource estimate for conversion to Ore Reserves

 

Description of the Mineral Resource estimate used as a basis for the conversion to an Ore Reserve.

 

Clear statement as to whether the Mineral Resources are reported additional to, or inclusive of, the Ore Reserves.

The Minerals Resource Estimate (“MRE”) declared on 5 April 2023 underpins the Ore Reserve. Sovereign engaged independent geological and mining consultants Placer to complete the MRE for the Kasiya deposit.

The principal resource geologist Mr Richard Stockwell is highly experienced with more than 25 years in resource estimation and mine geology. Mr Richard Stockwell is a Competent Person for the purposes of the MRE as defined and in accordance with the JORC Code 2012.

The MRE as reported in this document is inclusive of the Ore Reserve declared in this document. The Ore Reserve does not include Inferred Mineral Resources.

Site visits

Comment on any site visits undertaken by the Competent Person and the outcome of those visits.

Site visits have been carried out by the following personnel:

·        Mr Ryan Locke, as representative for the Competent Person Mr Ross Cheyne for the JORC Reserve Estimate has been to site on multiple site visits prior to and since the discovery of the Kasiya Deposit.

·        Mr Richard Stockwell, the Competent Person for the JORC Mineral Resource Estimate and a representative of Placer Consulting Pty Ltd has conducted one site visit.

·        Mr Samuel Moyle, the Competent Person for Exploration Results and Exploration Manager of Sovereign Metals Ltd has conducted multiple site visits since the discovery of the Kasiya deposit;

Study status

The type and level of study undertaken to enable Mineral Resources to be converted to Ore Reserves.

The Code requires that a study to at least Pre-Feasibility Study level has been undertaken to convert Mineral Resources to Ore Reserves. Such studies will have been carried out and will have determined a mine plan that is technically achievable and economically viable, and that material Modifying Factors have been considered.

The technical and financial information in this release is at PFS-level enabling the declaration of Ore Reserves. The studies carried out have determined a mine plan that is technically achievable and economically viable with all material Modifying Factors having been considered.

The Ore Reserve was underpinned by a mine plan detailing mining locations, ore and waste quantities; plant feed quantities and plant head grades. Scheduling was undertaken in annual and quarterly periods.

Mine planning activities included an updated pit optimisation, development of mineable pit geometries, scheduling, mining cost estimation and financial analysis in order to confirm the ability to economically mine the Kasiya Ore Reserve.

Modifying factors considered during the mine planning process included pit slope design criteria, mining costs, mining dilution and ore loss, processing recoveries, processing costs, selling costs, general and administration costs and product price.

Cut-off parameters

The basis of the adopted cut-off grade(s) or quality parameters applied.

Pit cut-off grades varied between 0.7% and 0.9% rutile with cut-offs selected to provide the most tonnage whilst minimising the pit footprint to have as little environmental/social impact as possible.

The selected cut-off grades are above the final project breakeven cut-off grade of approximately 0.40% rutile.

Mining factors or assumptions

 

The method and assumptions used as reported in the Pre-Feasibility or Feasibility Study to convert the Mineral Resource to an Ore Reserve (i.e. either by application of appropriate factors by optimisation or by preliminary or detailed design).

The choice, nature and appropriateness of the selected mining method(s) and other mining parameters including associated design issues such as pre-strip, access, etc.

The assumptions made regarding geotechnical parameters (e.g. pit slopes, stope sizes, etc.), grade control and pre-production drilling.

The major assumptions made and Mineral Resource model used for pit and stope optimisation (if appropriate).

The mining dilution factors used.

The mining recovery factors used.

Any minimum mining widths used.

The manner in which Inferred Mineral Resources are utilised in mining studies and the sensitivity of the outcome to their inclusion.

The infrastructure requirements of the selected mining methods.

The Kasiya MRE released by Sovereign in on 5 April 2023 was used as the basis for the PFS Ore Reserve estimate. Mineral Resources were converted to Ore Reserves in line with the material classifications which reflect the level of confidence within the resource estimate. The Ore Reserve reflects that portion of the Mineral Resource which can be economically extracted by open pits utilising a combination of hydro mining and limited truck/shovel methodologies. The Ore Reserve considers the modifying factors and other parameters detailed in the relevant sections of the PFS report, including but not limited to the mining, metallurgical, social, environmental, approvals, tenure, statutory and financial aspects of the project.

In line with the JORC 2012 guidelines, the Kasiya Probable Ore Reserve is based on Indicated classified Mineral Resources. There is no Measured classified Mineral Resource at Kasiya and consequently no Proved Ore Reserve. Inferred classified material is not included in the Ore Reserve and therefore is not considered for mining.

The reported MRE is inclusive of the resources converted to Ore Reserves.

The Ore Reserve includes an allowance for mining dilution and ore loss on the basis that all material within the shell is classified and extracted as ore.

The open pit geometries developed for the purposes of mine planning, and which define the subsequent Ore Reserve, are based on Whittle pit shells edited to comply with practical mining requirements and identified exclusion zones.

Selection of Mining method

The mining options were evaluated in detail during the PFS to determine the best suited mining method for the operation. The criteria for selection were based not only on capital and operating cost, but ESG considerations and infrastructure requirements. Sovereign performed testwork on ROM material and conducted an independent assessment and trade-off analysis for all possible mining methods. The outcomes of this work resulted in hydro mining being determined as the optimal method for mining the Kasiya rutile- graphite deposit. Due to the consistent particle size distribution through the reserve, favourable operating and capital costs, low carbon footprint and air pollution (low dust and no diesel emissions) as well as the support of infrastructure and water availability within the project designated footprint.

Hydro-mining is defined as the excavation of material from its in-situ state using pressurised water. A stream of high-pressure water is directed at the ore with the purpose of mechanically breaking and softening the material so that it can be carried away by the created gravitational slurry flow. The mineralisation at Kasiya is largely homogenous and has relatively consistent physical properties throughout the MRE and contained Ore Reserve. The material competence is described as loose and friable, soft and well weathered with no cemented particles or dense clay layers. The particle size distribution (PSD) is favourable for hydro-mining due to its high content of -45µm fines and the fines component effectively increases the viscosity of the slurry created, which enhances the slurry’s ability to carry sand and heavy mineral particles.

Hydro mining is a proven technology and has been successfully applied on heavy mineral sand operations in Africa.  Hydro mining for the PFS is based on the block-mine and top-down methodologies. The top-down operational method has advantages in terms of safety, achieving and maintaining design slurry densities, achieving and maintaining design production rates and ease of planning and control.

Sovereign Mining engaged Fraser Alexander, a highly experienced mining contractor and consultancy specialising in hydro-mining to provide engineering and cost inputs for hydro-mining in the PFS.

Dry mining methods are required where hydro mining is inefficient and will be required to push approximately 11% of the Ore Reserve. These are the “basin” of the hydro mining areas which need selective “floor clean-up” mining.

Pit Optimisation

An open pit optimisation utilising Whittle™ software was carried out on the Kasiya deposit using Indicated Mineral Resources only (in line with the JORC 2012 guidelines). The latest parameters available were used to determine the economic extent of the open pit excavation. The process plant production parameters were supplied by Sovereign with an initial rate of 12mtpa and a ramp up in production from years 5 – 7 to an annual rate of 24Mtpa.

The intention to hydro-mine the majority of the defined Ore Reserve means that there is no ability to selectively mine and all material will be extracted and sent as plant feed. Therefore, all material within the “shell” will be extracted and fed to the plant as ore and any interstitial waste and/or sub-economic grade material will be likewise treated as diluent material. However, due to the relatively homogenous and continuous nature the orebody, the quantities of this material will be relatively small and therefore a simple 5% dilution was applied within the Whittle™ tool to approximate this assumption.

For the PFS, an overall slope angle of 20 degrees has been applied within the optimisation, in line with a conservative stable angle for a mineral sands operation.

 

Mineable Pit Geometries

Based on the cut-off grades applied, the optimization shells were further were further refined to develop a mineable geometry. The process applied the following constraints:

–      A minimum depth of 5m for the hydro mining method.

–      Removal of any small, isolated pits.

–      Pit extents limited to mineable areas and to remain outside of identified exclusion areas wherever reasonably possible. Sovereign identified all local village areas and areas of cultural or environmental significance within the potential mining envelope that should not be disturbed during the mining phase of the Project.

Metallurgical factors or assumptions

The metallurgical process proposed and the appropriateness of that process to the style of mineralisation.

Whether the metallurgical process is well-tested technology or novel in nature.

The nature, amount and representativeness of metallurgical test work undertaken, the nature of the metallurgical domaining applied and the corresponding metallurgical recovery factors applied.

Any assumptions or allowances made for deleterious elements.

The existence of any bulk sample or pilot scale test work and the degree to which such samples are considered representative of the orebody as a whole

For minerals that are defined by a specification, has the ore reserve estimation been based on the appropriate mineralogy to meet specifications?

Rutile

Sovereign completed bulk rutile testwork programs at the globally recognised AML in Perth, Australia. The latest program was supervised by Sovereign’s Head of Development, Paul Marcos. Mr Marcos is a metallurgist and process engineer and a mineral sands industry veteran. Bulk test-work programs have confirmed premium grade rutile can be produced via a simple and conventional process flow sheet.

Processing engineering was completed by DRA Global who developed the process plant design and associated cost estimate for the Study. An average product grade of 96% TiO2 with 100% recovery to rutile product was assumed for the PFS.

Graphite

Sovereign has conducted graphite testwork across ALS Laboratory in Perth and SGS Lakefield in Canada. Veteran graphite metallurgist Oliver Peters, MSc, P.Eng., MBA (Consulting Metallurgist for SGS and Principal Metallurgist of Metpro Management Inc.) was engaged to supervise and consult on the testwork programs. Mr Peters has over 25 years’ experience in metallurgy on graphite and other commodities. He has operated numerous graphite pilot plants and commissioned a number of full-scale processing facilities.

DRA’s Senior Engineer, Stewart Calder and Manager Metallurgy, John Fleay supervised and advised on sample selection, testwork scope and results from the latest testwork programs. Both consultants are considered to have the appropriate capabilities and similarities with the material and the early stage of the project.

An average product grade of 96% Ct with 67.5% recovery to product was assumed for the PFS.

Rutile & Graphite

It is acknowledged that laboratory scale test-work will not always represent actual results achieved from a production plant in terms of grade, chemistry, sizing and recovery. Further test-work will be required to gain additional confidence of specifications and recoveries that will be achieved at full-scale production.

Overall, the process flow-sheet is conventional for both rutile and graphite with no novel features or equipment incorporated.

Environmental

 

The status of studies of potential environmental impacts of the mining and processing operation. Details of waste rock characterisation and the consideration of potential sites, status of design options considered and, where applicable, the status of approvals for process residue storage and waste dumps should be reported.

An Environmental Impact Assessment (ESIA) is currently commencing with reference to applicable Malawian and international environmental and social permitting and baseline requirements for the Kasiya Project.

Sovereign is committed to conduct its activities in full compliance to the requirements of national regulations, its obligations under international conventions and treaties and giving due consideration to international best practices and policies. Sovereign has appointed an experienced environmental consultant to manage the ESIA process, and environmental and social baseline studies have commenced with appropriately qualified independent experts. Sovereign has also completed a high-level risk assessment to identify major environmental and social risks which could affect the development of the Project, along with mitigating strategies to allow identified risks to be addressed early in the project design phase.

Sovereign has embarked on several exercises with the communities in the area and there is a general positive acceptance of the Project.

Based on the current assessments and commenced ESIA, the Competent Person believes there are no environmental issues currently identified that cannot be appropriately mitigated in accordance with standard practices adopted for the development of mining projects.

Infrastructure

The existence of appropriate infrastructure: availability of land for plant development, power, water, transportation (particularly for bulk commodities), labour, accommodation; or the ease with which the infrastructure can be provided, or accessed.

Kasiya is located approximately 40km northwest of Lilongwe, Malawi’s capital, and boasts favourable access to services and infrastructure. The proximity to Lilongwe gives the project access to a large pool of professionals and skilled tradespeople, as well as industrial services.

Sovereign appointed JCM to design a preliminary IPP solution for Kasiya. JCM is a Canada-headquartered IPP which develops, constructs, owns and operates renewable energy and storage projects in emerging markets across the globe. JCM provided an estimated, levelized cost of energy (LOCE) on a Power Purchase Agreement (PPA).

Logistics cost estimates, including rail and port infrastructure and handling, were provided by Thelo DB, Nacala Logistics and Grindrod based on market data, suppliers’ quotations, industry databases, industry contacts and the consultant’s existing knowledge of southern African transport infrastructure and freight markets.

The above consultants are independent with appropriate experience in the management of transport logistics studies in southern Africa.

Costs

The derivation of, or assumptions made, regarding projected capital costs in the study.

The methodology used to estimate operating costs.

Allowances made for the content of deleterious elements.

The derivation of assumptions made of metal or commodity price(s), for the principal minerals and co- products.

Derivation of transportation charges.

The basis for forecasting or source of treatment and refining charges, penalties for failure to meet specification, etc.

The allowances made for royalties payable, both Government and private.

Capital estimates for the procress plant have been prepared by DRA Global, together with input from Sovereign  and other contributing consultants using combinations of cost estimates from suppliers, historical data, benchmarks and other independent sources. The accuracy of the initial capital cost estimate for the Project is -20% and +25%.

Capital costs include the cost of all services, direct costs, contractor indirects, EPCM expenses, non-process infrastructure, sustaining capital and other facilities used for the mine. Capital costs make provision for mitigation expenses and mine closure and environmental costs.

Working capital requirements (including contingency) for plant commissioning and full ramp-up have been included in the headline capital estimate reported under construction, owner’s and start-up costs.

Mining costs have been estimated by Fraser Alexander, a regional leader in hydro-mining and materials handling. Mining costs have been built up from first principles based on equipment, vendor, and contractor quotations, local unit cost rates, and benchmarked costs.

Labor costs have been developed based on a first-principles build-up of staffing requirements with labor rates benchmarked in Malawi and expatriate rates benchmarked for professionals from South Africa and other jurisdictions.

A Government royalty of 5% (applied to revenue) and a vendor profit share of 2% (applied to gross profit) has been included in all project economics. A 0.45% royalty (applied to revenue) has been applied for the community development fund.

Rehabilitation and mine closure costs are included within the reported operating cost and sustaining capital estimates.

Revenue factors

The derivation of, or assumptions made regarding revenue factors including head grade, metal or commodity price(s) exchange rates, transportation and treatment charges, penalties, net smelter returns, etc.

The derivation of assumptions made of metal or commodity price(s), for the principal metals, minerals and co-products.

Sales pricing for both products is based on current market analysis by an independent party (see below)

Market assessment

The demand, supply and stock situation for the particular commodity, consumption trends and factors likely to affect supply and demand into the future.

A customer and competitor analysis along with the identification of likely market windows for the product.

Price and volume forecasts and the basis for these forecasts.

Sovereign obtained independent market assessments for both products.

Rutile

Sovereign engaged market leading TZMI to provide a bespoke marketing report to support the Study. TZMI is a global, independent consulting and publishing company which specialises in technical, strategic and commercial analyses of the opaque (non-terminal market) mineral, chemical and metal sectors.

TZMI’s assessment has confirmed that, based upon their high-level view on global demand and supply forecasts for natural rutile, and with reference to the specific attributes of Kasiya, there is a reasonable expectation that the product will be able to be sold into existing and future rutile markets.

Given the premium specifications of Kasiya’s natural rutile, the product should be suitable for all major natural end-use markets including TiO2 pigment feedstock, titanium metal and welding sectors.

Graphite

Sovereign engaged Fastmarkets, a specialist international publisher and information provider for the global steel, non-ferrous and industrial minerals markets, to prepare a marketing report for graphite.

Fastmarkets’ assessment has confirmed that based upon their high-level view on global demand and supply forecasts for natural flake graphite, and with reference to the specific attributes of Sovereign’s projects, there is a reasonable expectation that the product from Sovereign’s projects will be able to be sold into existing and future graphite markets. Given the extremely low-cost profile and high-quality product, it is expected that output from Kasiya will be able to fill new demand or substitute existing lower quality / higher cost supply.

Project considerations taken by Fastmarkets in forming an opinion about the marketability of product include:

–           Low capital costs (incremental)

–           Low operating costs

–           High quality concentrate specifications

Industry participants confirm that the highest value graphite concentrates remain the large, jumbo and super-jumbo flake fractions, primarily used in industrial applications such as refractories, foundries and expandable products. These sectors currently make up the significant majority of total global natural flake graphite market by value.

Fastmarkets have formed their opinion based solely upon project information provided by Sovereign Metals to Fastmarkets and have not conducted any independent analysis or due diligence on the information provided.

Economic

The inputs to the economic analysis to produce the net present value (NPV) in the study, the source and confidence of these economic inputs including estimated inflation, discount rate, etc

NPV ranges and sensitivity to variations in the significant assumptions and inputs.

Key parameters are disclosed in the body of the announcement, and include:

–           Life of Mine: 25 years

–           Discount rate: 8%

–           Tax rate: 30%

–           Resource Rent Tax (RRT) of 15% after tax profit

–           Royalty rate: 5% royalty (Government), 2% of gross profit (Original Project Vendor) and 0.45% Community Development Fund.

–           Pricing:  Rutile average price of US$1,484 per tonne and Graphite average basket price of US$1,290 per tonne

The PFS financial model has been prepared internally by Sovereign using inputs from the various expert consultants and has been reviewed by BDO Australia – Perth, an independent leading accountancy, tax and advisory services firm to validate the functionality and accuracy of the model.

NPV sensitivity to costs and price were assessed utilising the Project financial model developed by Sovereign. As is the case for most commodity-based projects, the NPV is most sensitive to changes in price, with a +/-30% price variation generating a           +/-60% variation in project value. It is moderately sensitive to operating cost changes, with a +/-30% cost change producing a -/+ 18% fluctuation in value. Approximately 4% of this value change is attributable to mining costs, 5% to logistics costs and the remaining 9% to processing/labour/G&A related costs. The project is less sensitive to capital cost changes, with a +/-30% variation in capital affecting NPV by -/+10%.

Social

The status of agreements with key stakeholders and matters leading to social license to operate.

Sovereign expects to enter into a Community Development Agreement (“CDA”) with the surrounding communities. Significant engagement with these communities has occurred over the exploration phases and is ongoing ahead of negotiation of the CDA which is expected to be concluded during the DFS stage.

Other

To the extent relevant, the impact of the following on the project and/or on the estimation and classification of the Ore Reserves:

Any identified material naturally occurring risks.

The status of material legal agreements and marketing arrangements.

The status of government agreements and approvals critical to the viability of the project, such as mineral tenement status and government and statutory approvals. There must be reasonable grounds to expect that all necessary Government approvals will be received within the timeframes anticipated in the Pre-Feasibility or Feasibility study. Highlight and discuss the materiality of any unresolved matter that is dependent on a third party on which extraction of the reserve is contingent.

No identifiable naturally occurring risks have been identified to impact the Kasiya Ore Reserve.

Sovereign has no existing binding offtake agreement in place.

Sovereign is yet to apply for a Mining Licence (“ML”) covering the footprint of the project, however it is not anticipated for there to be any objections in obtaining the necessary government approvals.

Classification

The basis for the classification of the Ore Reserves into varying confidence categories. Whether the result appropriately reflects the Competent Person’s view of the deposit. The proportion of Probable Ore Reserves that have been derived from Measured Mineral Resources (if any).

The Kasiya PFS Ore Reserves comprise Indicated Mineral Resource material converted to “Probable” reserves.

In line with JORC 2012 guidelines, Inferred Mineral Resource material has not been included.

100% of the Kasiya PFS Ore Reserve is in the Probable Reserves category.

Audit or reviews

The results of any audits or reviews of Ore Reserve estimates.

No external audits or reviews have been carried out to date.

 

#FCM First Class Metals PLC – MoU with Whitesand FN – Zigzag Lithium Property

First Class Metals PLC (“First Class Metals” “FCM” or the “Company”) the UK metals exploration company seeking economic metal discoveries across its extensive Canadian Schreiber-Hemlo & Sunbeam land holding is pleased to announce that it has signed an agreement (the “Memorandum of Understanding” or “MoU“) with the Whitesand First Nation (WFN) for initial exploration on the Zigzag lithium project.

Highlights:

  • MoU signed for a three-year term with the Whitesand First Nation provides for the formal commencement of exploration work on the Zigzag property.
  • The Zigzag lithium property  is situated in the Armstrong area of Canada in a locality that hosts several developing hard-rock pegmatite lithium projects, including Green Technology Metals Limited (ASX:GT1) owned Seymour Lake Project and Battery Age Minerals Limited (ASX:BM8) owned Falcon Lake Project.

 

Whitesand First Nation MOU

FCM has optioned the Zigzag property from Nuinsco who were successfully awarded an Exploration Permit. However, as no agreement was needed nor discussed with the First Nations at that time, FCM took the step of entering into discussions with the Whitesand First Nation. FCM is now pleased to announce that, following continued positive discussions and consultation with Whitesand First Nation, FCM has executed a MoU, by which the Company will commence formal exploration activities on the Zigzag lithium property in Ontario, Canada in collaboration with the Whitesand First Nation.

First Class Metals is grateful for the support and endorsement of Whitesand First Nation and is committed to continuing to work closely with Whitesand throughout all stages of the Zigzag project. The Company believes that, by working with indigenous communities in Ontario, it can create long lasting and mutually beneficial partnerships that generate significant economic opportunities and contribute to the sustainable development of local communities.

In the meantime, FCM intends to advance the discussions with Whitesand First Nation to formalise an Early Exploration Agreement (EEA).

 

 

 

 

 

Figure 1-Zigzag Lithium Location in key Ontario ‘Battery Metals Belt’

 

Recent activity by Battery Age Minerals Limited as reported in their news release of 26th July 2023, indicates that widths of plus 20m with grades of over 1% even 2% Li2O are attainable in this lithium belt. Historical sampling and limited drilling at Zigzag has proved that grades of >1% Li2O exist and FCM will be focussing exploration efforts to confirm the width of the pegmatite as being in the order of 20m and extending over 800m as previously reported, .

Figure 2- the historical work conducted by and pre-Nuinsco

Background-Zigzag Lithium

Historic grades at surface up to 1.68% lithium (Li20) over 7.9m and 0.168% tantalum (Ta205) over 2.54m. The claim group covers the historic Tebishogeshik occurrence as well as other mineralised occurrences.

The pegmatite hosting the deposit is reported to be more than 800m in length and 20m thick at surface.

Sampling by Nuinsco (previous operator) returned strongly anomalous lithium, tantalum, and rubidium, peaking at 3.55% Li20 with significant tantalum, and rubidium results at 836 ppm Ta₂O5, and 4,003 ppm Rubidium Rb₂2O.

The project is a little over 50km from Armstrong in northwest Ontario in the Seymour Lake area, a district already proved to be prospective for hard rock, pegmatite hosted lithium. Existing infrastructure currently in place in the local area is expected to be further bolstered in the future by the planned Jackfish Hydro project and a Spodumene Process Plant at the Green Technology Metals, Seymour site which is just over 10km away.

The six-unit claim group includes a mapped structure of 800m which (Tebishogeshik occurrence) and is wholly contained within the claim block, the lithium-tantalum mineralization is pegmatite-hosted with significant rubidium and cesium mineralization also reported. All of which are ‘critical minerals’ as identified by the 1Canadian and United Kingdom Governments.

Previous workers of the Tebishogeshik occurrence have identified Li2O and Ta2O5 mineralization along the entire length of the showing from sampling at surface, grading up to 1.68% Li2O over 7.9m and 0.168% Ta2O5 over 2.54m in separate channels samples. Several shallow historic drill holes along the occurrence have returned significant intersections, including, (in separate drill holes) an intersection grading 1.08% Li2O over 6.1m and a separate intersection of 399.8ppm Ta2O5 over 2.92m. Both intersections were less than 20m down hole. The structure is open along strike and to depth and remains to be fully evaluated.

Lithium-ion battery production capacity pipeline globally to 2030 increases up to 8.1 TWh and North American EV battery production is forecast to reach 1 TWh annually by 2030. Even if production from known current assets were to double against planned capacities, expected North American demand alone would exceed supply by 40%.

1 Minister Wilkinson Releases Canada’s $3.8-billion Critical Minerals Strategy to Seize Generational Opportunity for Clean, Inclusive Growth – Canada.ca

Resilience for the Future: The United Kingdom’s Critical Minerals Strategy (publishing.service.gov.uk)

 

 

 

 

Figure 3-Photo of specimen samples of Zigzag lithium bearing pegmatite taken from the Zigzag property near to where historic as well as recently reported samples by FCM were collected, (see RNS of June 8th 2023). Note very coarse crystalline fabric.

Marc Sale First Class Metals CEO Commented:

“I am delighted that having now visited the property and seen a ‘snapshot’ of Zigzag’s potential I am pleased that the exploration of the Zigzag property will now commence in earnest. More so that it is with the support of the Whitesand First Nation. We will shortly have a team on the ground prospecting in advance of a sawn channel sampling programme aimed at identifying sections of the pegmatite for a focussed drill programme.

 

For further information, please contact:

 

James Knowles, Executive Chairman JamesK@Firstclassmetalsplc.com 07488 362641
Marc J Sale, CEO MarcS@Firstclassmetalsplc.com 07711 093532
Ayub Bodi, Executive Director AyubB@Firstclassmetalsplc.com 07860 598086

 

First Equity Limited

(Financial Adviser & Broker)

 

Jonathan Brown 0207 3742212
Jason Robertson 0207 3742212

 

#BRES Blencowe Resources PLC – Bulk Sampling Update & China Visit

Highlights:

·    Blencowe has successfully completed a critical component of the Definitive Feasibility Study (“DFS”), with the successful scaled commercialisation of the flowsheet within the bulk sample processing at Chinese pilot plant graphite production facility.

·    Results continue to highlight a high-grade, low impurity concentrate can be delivered in bulk from Orom-Cross.

·    Several meetings held with leading Chinese graphite offtake firms seeking both large flake and fines concentrates.

·    Ugandan mining officials visited China with Blencowe and were shown the process facility in support of the project.

·    Blencowe now approached for downstream processing opportunities.

Blencowe Resources Plc (“Blencowe” or the “Company”), is pleased to provide an update on the 100 tonne bulk sample processing program currently underway. The work is being completed by a leading graphite technical specialist firm, Jilin New Technology, based in Yanji Province in northern China.  This experienced graphite facility has been conducting similar test work on several other leading East African graphite projects over the past few years.

The Company is expecting the bulk sample test program to be completed by the end of August.

Senior Company personnel travelled to China recently to review the progress on the bulk sample processing and broaden relationships in this key market.  Accompanying the COO was the Company’s Ugandan Country Manager and a representative of the Ugandan Directorate of Geological Survey and Mines (DGSM), with the express purpose of evaluating the progress of the processing and to demonstrate the full process for the Ugandan Government.

Following a refinement of the Pre-Feasibility Study processing methodology by Wuhan University specialists, Blencowe wished to confirm directly with the pilot plant operators the expected improvements in both overall recovery and concentrate grades and secure early samples for delivery to potential offtake partners, following a marked increase in interest for the projects’ concentrate within China. The 100 tonne pilot plant process is currently nearing completion and to date it is confirming the commercial processing viability of the Orom-Cross ores. The Company also visited operating graphite plants and graphite processing equipment suppliers.

Following the distribution of concentrate samples to potential end users from the IMO test work and Wuhan University 150kg test work, several large downstream offtake processors requested meetings to discuss timing and availability of the high-grade, low impurity concentrates from the Orom-Cross project. The offtake meetings involved firms seeking substantial quantities of both larger flake concentrates and fines feedstock for the SPG processors. Several downstream processing firms have expressed interest in opportunities to explore in-country downstream processing of the Orom-Cross concentrates and Blencowe will consider this within the DFS that is underway.

Blencowe was pleased to be able to escort a representative of the Ugandan Directorate of Geological Survey and Mines to view the final processing of the bulk sample. Blencowe invited the DGSM representative to view the process in order to continue to develop a better understanding of the processing technology involved, to foster a deeper overall understanding of the project within Uganda, and to continue to work in partnership with the Government in order to develop the project.

 

For further information please contact:

 

 Blencowe Resources Plc

 Sam Quinn

 

www.blencoweresourcesplc.com

Tel: +44 (0)1624 681 250

info@blencoweresourcesplc.com

 

Investor Relations

Sasha Sethi

Tel: +44 (0) 7891 677 441

sasha@flowcomms.com

 

Tavira Financial

Jonathan Evans

Tel: +44 (0)20 3192 1733

jonathan.evans@tavira.group

 

First Equity Limited

Jason Robertson

Tel: +44(0)20 7330 1833

jasonrobertson@firstequitylimited.com

 

#SVML Sovereign Metals – Notice of Change of Interest of Substantial Holder

Sovereign Metals Limited (ASX: SVM, AIM: SVML) (Sovereign or the Company) advises that it was today notified via the filing of a Form 604 with the Australian Securities Exchange (ASX) that Sprott Inc. and each of its controlled bodies (Sprott) provided a notice of change of interests of substantial holder (as defined by the Corporations Act 2001) of the Company as of 20 July 2023, having increased its shareholding in the Company from 54,839,880 ordinary shares, representing 11.84% of the Company’s issued share capital as at the date of its previous notice, to 56,464,052 ordinary shares, representing 10.19% of the Company’s issued share capital, via on market purchases and disposals, and changes in account status or transfers.

The Form 604 can be viewed in full via the below link:

http://www.rns-pdf.londonstockexchange.com/rns/5700H_1-2023-7-28.pdf

 

ENQUIRIES

 

Dylan Browne
Company Secretary

+61(8) 9322 6322

 

Nominated Adviser on AIM and Joint Broker

 

SP Angel Corporate Finance LLP

+44 20 3470 0470

Ewan Leggat

Charlie Bouverat

Harry Davies-Ball

 

 

Joint Brokers

 

Berenberg

+44 20 3207 7800

Matthew Armitt

 

Jennifer Lee

 

 

 

Optiva Securities

+44 20 3137 1902

Daniel Ingram

 

Mariela Jaho

 

Christian Dennis

 

 

 

Tavistock PR

+44 20 7920 3150

 

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