Can CT measures of tumour heterogeneity stratify risk for nodal metastasis in patients with non-small cell lung cancer?.
Craigie M, et al. Clinical Radiology. 2017.
AIM: To undertake a preliminary assessment of the potential for computed tomography (CT) measurement of tumour heterogeneity to stratify risk of nodal metastasis in patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC).
MATERIALS & METHODS: Tumour heterogeneity in CT images from combined positron-emission tomography (PET)/CT examinations in 150 consecutive patients with NSCLC was assessed using CT texture analysis (CTTA). The short axis diameter of the largest mediastinal node was also measured. Forty-two patients without distant metastases subsequently had tumour nodal status confirmed at surgery (n=26) or endobronchial ultrasound (EBUS; n=16). CTTA parameters and largest nodal diameter were related to nodal status using the rank correlation and the risk ratio for each nodal stage (>N0, >N1, >N2) was compared between patients categorised as high and low risk by CTTA or nodal size. The most significant predictor of nodal status was related to overall survival using Kaplan-Meier analysis.
RESULTS: N-stage was more significantly correlated with CTTA than nodal diameter (Rs = -0.39, p=0.011, Rs = -0.45, p=0.0025, Rs = -0.40, p=0.0091 for normalised standard deviation (SD), normalised entropy and kurtosis respectively; Rs = -0.39, p=0.042 for nodal diameter). The presence of two or more high-risk CTTA values was the greatest risk factor for mediastinal metastasis (risk ratio: 11.0, 95% confidence interval: 1.56-77.8, p=0.0014) and was associated with significantly poorer overall survival (p=0.016).
CONCLUSION: CTTA in NSCLC is related to nodal status in patients without distant metastases and has the potential to inform selection of investigative strategies for the assessment of mediastinal malignancy.
Copyright © 2017 The Royal College of Radiologists. All rights reserved.
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