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How does an enterprise containerize their applications?

How to use Green Rain to discover if your application can exploit VMware’s Tanzu or Amazon’s Bottlerocket

It’s typical for competitors — or frenemies — like VMware and Amazon to make competitive announcements in the same, short timeframe.

Recently it was VMware’s Tanzu announcement quickly followed by Amazon’s Bottlerocket. (No, I don’t know where they get the names from, either!) But container platforms are not new – Docker is very well established and our Open Source friends at Red Hat have had OpenShift container platform in customer hands for some time.

Before we explain what Tanzu and Bottlerocket are — and why you might or might not care — it’s important to start with your applications when considering containers. Mega-vendors are prone to describe the world from their world view, which can be “infrastructure-up” in the case of VMware and “cloud-up” from the viewpoint of Amazon.

At Fedr8 we believe enterprises should start from their world view, and in particular, be application-centric.

That’s why we built Green Rain to be the only application- and code-centric cloud, container and licensing insights platform.

How to discover if your applications are container ready

There’s no point knowing about Tanzu or Bottlerocket if your application can’t be containerized.

But how do you find that out? There are two main methods:

  1. Have an application expert look through the code, software architecture and documentation for a few weeks and make an experienced recommendation.
  2. Use Green Rain by Fedr8 to find out in a fraction of the time, effort and cost.

Green Rain can analyse a code base with a million lines and thousands of files and modules in just a few hours. This is impossible to do by human hand, eye and brain. Nobody wants that job.

Green Rain does the heavy-lifting with its deep-learning code-analysis tool to give code and cloud experts the information to containerize applications.

Green Rain’s Container Module

By importing your code repository into Green Rain you can, within hours, find out three important things about your application:

  • Cloud Ready – What might break if I migrate to cloud? What might I optimize?
  • Container Ready – Which parts of my application are container-friendly?
  • Licence Discover – Which vendors and products do my application use that require licensing?

If your head has been turned towards containers because of the Tanzu and Bottlerocket announcement, the first place to start is with the Green Rain Container module.

Green Rain Container Module showing potential container opportunities

Using this insight you can build up a picture of what opportunities there are for containerization: then, you can look at OpenShift, Tanzu and Bottlerocket as target platforms, just like you consider Docker.

What is VMware Tanzu?

VMware Tanzu is an evolutionary platform, combining the well-known Kubernetes (which emerged from Google back in the day) and VMware into one Cloud platform.

VMware continue to try to “own” the management space across clouds, infrastructure, virtual machines and now containers. It’s a one-stop-shop kind of thing, likely to be popular amongst existing VMware customers — of which, there are many! Tanzu is a management system that will orchestrate workloads… Amazon’s Bottlerocket is different.

What is Amazon Bottlerocket?

Amazon Bottlerocket is a container-friendly operating system.

Containers are a feature of Linux (and nowadays, Windows) operating systems.

It’s got easier nowadays, but back in the day, you had to be something of a Linux hax0r to get containers working. Then came along Docker to help build images and manage containers, but it was still a bit “command line-y”. Imagine Bottlerocket as an OS layer in a virtual machine that makes “doing containers” easy — you don’t need to be as much of a Linux hax0r to get all the benefits of containers.

Five steps to containerize an application

What does it mean to Containerize an application?

Application containerization is an OS-level virtualization method used to deploy and run distributed applications without launching an entire virtual machine (VM) for each app. Multiple isolated applications or services run on a single host and access the same OS kernel.

Containerization is, of course, a business decision and not just a technology decision. It always starts with Why, followed by What and ending with How.

  1. Why should we containerize? Is there a business case to containerize?
  2. What target platforms and architecture – Tanzu? Bottlerocket?
  3. How do I containerize my application?

For the technical containerization steps, this guide on Hackernoon by Henrique Souza is an excellent start.

A summary of Henrique’s process:

  1. Pick your base image wisely!
  2. Install only necessary packages
  3. Add your custom files — follow standards
  4. Define the user to run your container
  5. Define the exposed ports
  6. Define the entry point
  7. Define a configuration method
  8. Externalize your data (Green Rain helps)
  9. Make sure you handle logs “well” (Green Rain helps)
  10. Rotate logs and other append-only files

What to do next?

Don’t fly blind in the clouds.

Use Green Rain to analyse your most important source of truth: your code. Plug the Green Rain output into your Container project to help make the best-informed decisions.

Contact Fedr8 to talk about application-centric cloud insights such as Cloud Ready, Container Ready and Licence Discover.

Find out more

Comic Relief achieved 16x value with application-centric migration instead of infrastructure-centric

Comic Relief changed their infrastructure-centric AWS bill from £83k per month to £5k per month.

Their 16x cost reduction was achieved by refactoring their application to exploit the cloud. But not everyone is refactoring their applications.

Rehost is the most common cloud migration strategy (40%) of the 6Rs. Also known as Lift-and-Shift, is a bottom-up infrastructure-centric migration approach:

  • To Rehost you have to replicate the infrastructure topology from non-cloud on-premises to the cloud (networks, security, storage, compute). Then you black-box migrate an application to its new home (usually copying a virtual machine and a dump of the database from on-premises to cloud).
  • Rehost is like kicking the cloud can down the road because you still have work to do on your application to help it exploit the cloud.
  • Rehosted workloads can benefit from some cost optimizations such as forward-contract purchasing of cloud resources (Reserved Instances), that is a welcome optimization and can chop 20-30% off your bill. Surprisingly, many companies don’t achieve this and still pay the full-price on-demand cost of cloud.
  • Rehost = minimum change = minimum cloud value.

You will never achieve the same savings as Comic Relief by rehosting your applications to the cloud. A 16x magnitude of savings is only possible by refactoring your application.

In this post, we compare and contrast Rehost with Refactor and describe how Green Rain by Fedr8 can help you get the best of both worlds.

The benefits and drawbacks of Rehost

The benefit of Rehost is its simplicity.

It requires only an infrastructure-centric understanding of the applications and data. Because the application isn’t changing, it is perceived as getting to the cloud by the fastest, cheapest path. Rehost is popular for mass-migration “factories”, especially where there is a deadline priority (e.g. datacenter end-of-contract/life is coming up).

The drawbacks of Rehost are four-fold:

  1. You are migrating all the technical debt and non-cloud practices (e.g. scripts, tools) into the cloud.
  2. You are not optimizing for the cloud which means that massive-sized and under-used on-premises VM is replicated to the cloud. Yes, you can optimize, but often this isn’t done because people are scared to make changes during migration.
  3. You are not leveraging cloud-managed services. For example, you still run your own database or load balancer instead of letting the Cloud Service Provider take the strain.
  4. You still have work to do when you arrive. Because you haven’t doing (2) and (3) above, then you have more work to do to become “cloudified”.

All of these drawbacks incur cost penalties.

Vendors like VMware recommend the Rehost approach because you need their software to make the cloud look like on-premises, and vice-versa. If you were doing Rehost from a VMware-dominated on-premises datacenter, then it’s tempting to migrate to VMware-on-AWS in the cloud to minimize changes, though there are higher costs to consider for this “ease of migration”.

Application-centric refactor

Refactor means modifying your application to use cloud services.

Evolving your application to a different architecture — for example, more microservices than monolith. There are new approaches to cloud applications called serverless. Refactoring can take considerable effort but the results can be fantastic, as Comic Relief found.

Read how Comic Relief swapped their monthly infrastructure-centric cloud bill of £83k for an application-centric serverless £5k.

Benefits and drawbacks of Refactor

Refactor means fully harnessing the power of the cloud.

The goal is to make your application cloud-native. It is impossible to be cloud-native without being application-centric. If you don’t understand your application, if you can’t modify it, you can never be cloud-native.

The drawback to refactoring is that you need the skills, effort and resource to evolve your application.

How Green Rain supports Rehost and Refactor migrations

Analysing an application for cloud refactoring with Green Rain

Bottom-up, infrastructure-centric cloud migration tools will analyze your infrastructure, help you configure and size the target cloud, and migrate your applications, data and databases to the cloud. But they do not understand your application code.

This is a migration blind spot, because:

  • You may be using session management that doesn’t work well in the cloud. In the cloud you need to use distributed session management.
  • You may be using just one SQL database but in the cloud you could use several types to suit the application (there are seven types of database in AWS).
  • You may be writing logs to local disk and saving state locally, which is an anti-pattern in cloud infrastructure where immutable and ephemeral servers scale out and in on-demand.

Know Your Application with Green Rain

If you want to refactor your application then you need to understand the code and what might break or what can be optimised for the cloud.

To Know Your Application means you need the application developer and maintainer to be available to contribute. Are they still employed? Is the documentation up to date? Do your talented software engineers want to work on a tedious cloud migration project or the latest cool whizbang widget?

Green Rain brings clarity to this blind spot by using a deep-learning engine to analyse your code repository and give you signposts about where you need to spend time refactoring.

The intelligent software inside Green Rain presents its findings through a user-friendly interface and tells you what dependencies are found and why they might break in a migration.

You can use Green Rain before and after Rehost and Refactor migrations to give you insights into your code and it’s dependencies on technologies that need to be addressed.

Next Steps

Learn more about Green Rain by Fedr8.

Talk to a Green Rain expert today and get a demo of what it can do for application-centric migrations. Your Green Rain expert can also arrange a trial on your applications on your premises to your cloud of choice.

Fedr8 and Rainmaker Solutions announce completion of first commercial project with Staffordshire County Council.

Fedr8, the application discovery company, and Rainmaker Solutions, the business transformation specialists, announce the completion of their first technical project together.

Staffordshire County Council asked Rainmaker to build a business case and roadmap for moving out of their on-premises data centre and into the cloud. This project didn’t just involve comparing cloud and on-premises running costs, but factoring in the time as well as effort needed to migrate to the cloud so a programme could be created to drive changes forward effectively with funding secured.

Rainmaker had 10 weeks to complete this work and wanted to deliver the kind of detail that would normally require months of comprehensive application discovery. Aware of the client’s needs and with Rainmaker always looking to leverage new and innovative technologies to support our clients, Rainmaker engaged Fedr8 to analyse Staffordshire’s applications on their Green Rain application analysis platform. This was completed in one morning, including the uploading of Staffordshire’s applications source code to the platform. The immediate output meant that this part of the project could be completed in a much more efficient manner and to a greater level of detail than what would normally be expected, significantly reducing the time spent investigating, testing and ultimately delivering.

Tom Gouldon, Engagement Lead, Rainmaker commented:

“Estimating the time and expense to migrate in-house apps to the cloud used to take weeks and months of work – in a matter of hours we found applications that can be quick wins for migrations and for the rest we can build business cases supported by quantitative analysis. This is a real game changer for us in assessing readiness for the cloud.”

Vic Falcus, Head of ICT, Staffordshire County Council said:

“I was impressed with the functionality of the Green Rain software; the council has a reliance on some applications that were developed in-house, where off the shelf functionality was unavailable or to enhance digital processes delivered through our website. Any Business Case investigation around the cloud migration of a complex ICT estate requires analysis of a raft of variables to avoid unforeseen costs or unpleasant surprises down the line. Fedr8’s software has quickly and efficiently given us robust data around this aspect of the potential change.”

Damion Greef, CEO of Fedr8 added:

“The Green Rain application analysis platform yet again proves that no application needs to remain as a “black box” that can’t be moved updated or upgraded. Working with Rainmaker and Staffordshire we exposed the DNA of 5 key applications in one day.”



Damion Greef, CEO

Tel. 07823328816

Email. info@fedr8.com

Email. sales@fedr8.com                                                                             Web. www.fedr8.com

Fedr8’s Green Rain software solves one of the major IT problems in the world today: How does a company move to the cloud and capitalize on the efficiencies and economies that the cloud brings? The shift to cloud technologies and the digital transformation projects undertaken by large enterprise organizations pose many challenges, there are the unknown figures relating to cost and time for migration or transformation. In addition, there are unknown risks relating to relocating or changing the applications that support their businesses. Fedr8 reduces the risk in legacy software applications, identifies the most appropriate cloud to move to, accelerating the application analysis by 90% whilst significantly reducing the costs by 50%.

Fedr8 solves this problem using it’s proprietary artificial intelligence engine which interrogates software at a code level allowing the code in that software to be changed to suit the major cloud companies’ cloud platforms.

Our mission is to support our customers in embracing the business benefits of the adoption of the Digital Economies through accelerated adoption of Cloud Environments.


Rainmaker Solutions

All media enquiries to:

Linn Karppinen

Tel. +44 (0)7388498292

Email. linn.karppinen@rainmaker.solutions

Rainmaker Solutions is an independent business transformation specialist, with offices in London, Johannesburg and San Francisco. Working collaboratively, at the heart of the most challenging projects, Rainmaker helps organisations transform for the digital age by using its world-leading methodology to plan, implement, and embed lasting change.

Founded in 2010, Rainmaker has delivered exceptional results for clients including Amazon, Cambridge University Hospitals, Credit Suisse, Croydon Council, Department for International Trade, Direct Line Group, EBRD, the Food Standards Agency, HS2, and Newham Council amongst others.

For more information, visit https://rainmaker.solutions

Fedr8 CEO Damion Greef and Alan Green discuss the Green Rain cloud app migration solution.

Fedr8 CEO Damion Greef and Alan Green discuss the challenges faced by companies and organisations in migrating IT infrastructure and legacy apps to the cloud. Damion explains how Fedr8’s Green Rain solution quickly resolve these issues, and provides a pathway to the cloud. Submit an app source code to Fedr8 at breakfast, and by supper Fedr8’s Green Rain will provide you with the answers for your app migration pathway.

Fedr8 Pathway signs partnership with Elevator/Fifty/One

Fedr8 Pathway signs partnership with Elevator/Fifty/One

Fedr8 Ltd the owner of the Green Rain machine learning software platform announces a collaboration with Elevator/Fifty/One, a US based professional services and migration specialist, to deliver both modern and legacy application migrations utilising the Green Rain software platform. Elevator/Fifty/One will deliver consulting, software re-development and migration – virtualization services to Fedr8 Pathway’s customers and partner ecosystem.

Elevator/Fifty/One will engage with Fedr8 Pathway to identify and deliver bespoke migration paths to current best of breed migration destinations. These services will include refactoring, containerising and managing application estates throughout Cloud migration projects.

By using Green Rain’s intelligent source code analytics, applications can be rapidly, cleanly, and efficiently optimised to make the most of cloud environments or infrastructure in terms of functionality, scalability and on-going costs. Providing superior ROI for clients compared to the “move to the Cloud at any cost” methodologies too often employed around the world.

Commenting on the tie up, Damion Greef, Fedr8 CEO said; “This collaboration with Elevator/Fifty /One, gives Fedr8 Pathway all the professional services required to deliver cloud migrations driven by Green Rain insights. The core mantra of the Fedr8 Pathway is to make informed insightful and rapid decisions to ensure optimisation of the target cloud environment. This approach avoids the risks involved of a generic “lift, shift and hope” approach, and delivers better cost control now and in the future.”

Leon Zackoski, CEO, Elevator/Fifty/One added; “Multiple Cloud Platforms coupled with a variance in containerization choice often creates risks, confusion and need for an appropriate “developmental direction”. The union between Fedr8 and EFO negates the risks or problems associated with ailing traditional rather “old-school” approaches to “moving to the cloud” Fedr8 provides the intellectual insight to achieve those foundational goals.”

Note to editors.

Green Rain circumvents the traditional limitations of a rule-based system to expose not only the genetic construct of an application, but the meaning and relationships embedded within the code visually.

Green Rain works by using “Molly” its proprietary artificial intelligence engine which interrogates software at a code level allowing the code in that software to be analysed producing actionable information at scale. Our mission is to support our customers in embracing the business benefits of the adoption of the Digital Economies through accelerated adoption of Cloud Environments.

About Elevator/Fifty/One

EFO is a US based company specializing in advanced software and hardware technologies. An extended emphasis on providing consulting, software development or -re-factoring coupled with data intelligence.



Damion Greef, CEO, Fedr8.                                                      Email.Damion.Greef@fedr8.com

Leon Zackoski, CEO, EFO                                          Email. l.zackoski@efiveone.com



Fedr8 CEO Damion Greef discusses the company’s new Pathway offering with Alan Green on Core Finance TV

Damion Greef, CEO of Machine Learning Company Fedr8 explains how the company helps multi-level organisations migrate legacy applications to the cloud. He also discusses Pathway, Fedr8’s new one stop shop offering.

October 2018: Fedr8 issues an update to shareholders

Fedr8 the machine learning technology developer has had a transformational 12 months. The highlights of this period include;

  • The launch of the Green Rain application analytics solution
  • The successful validation of the efficacy of Green Rain’s static source code analysis by three of the world’s largest Global footprint systems integrators.
  • Entered into commercial/ contractual negotiations with two of these Global businesses
  • Building and user training about to start on a production environment for our first paying customer
  • Developed a customisable presentation layer to suit every Partners bespoke needs
  • Leon Zackoski a US based machine learning engineer is developing a new COBOL module, opening up the world’s largest legacy software issue to Green Rain Analysis

The past year has seen Fedr8 launch a new product, Green Rain 1.0, which superseded the Argentum development product. Green Rain has been built using extensive industry feedback from proof of concept trials with the Argentum product and has an intuitive presentation layer which is more precise and usable than the Argentum product. The latest iteration of Green Rain 1.4 is now fully customisable by warning and category by end users and partners allowing the screening of analysis to even more granular depth.

This more granular analysis means that the time saved by developers to analyse as to whether to retire, rewrite or update an application before a move to cloud is now accelerated yet further. The time savings envisaged by customers in this process is weeks and even months per application analysed. In software estates that number into the thousands of applications the potential savings run into the multiple millions.

The commercial model preferred by the companies we are in discussions with is a consumption model. This would mean Fedr8 supply a blue printed technical specification for an environment for the Green Rain software to run on. This would be hosted on our partners infrastructure and they would pay for the associated ongoing running costs. The Partner would then pay a multi-year licence to use each installed platform.

Fedr8 is now confident that it will be a revenue generating company over the next six months as existing relationships and negotiations become fee paying contractual relationships and new engagements mature.

Entering a global enterprise market with a new and disruptive technology has taken longer than Fedr8 expected with sales lead times stretching to 12 months and longer and on behalf of the company I thank shareholders for their support and patience throughout this process.

Brand CEO Alan Green talks Tertiary Minerals #TYM, Feedback #FDBK & Fedr8 on Vox Markets podcast

Brand CEO Alan Green discusses Tertiary Minerals #TYM, Feedback #FDBK & Fedr8’s Sentient Capital fundraising campaign with Justin Waite on the Vox Markets podcast. The interview starts at 17 minutes 25 seconds in.

DragApp and Fedr8. Two quality EIS eligible companies seeking investment – Sentient Capital

Monday 16th April 2018
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DragApp and Fedr8.
Two quality EIS eligible companies seeking investment – Sentient Capital

Brand Comms CEO Alan Green talks to Nick Timms. Nick is co-founder and CEO at DragApp, a mailbox application that organises your inbox in much the same way that a CRM system organises and segments a company marketing database. In the past year DragApp has amassed over 30,000 users in nearly 200 countries, and already boasts blue chip names such as Uber, Netflix, Spotify and AirBNB on its client list. A highly successful marketing strategy sees DragApp currently generate $36 from every $30 spent. The company are currently raising £600k through FCA regulated Sentient Capital to further accelerate global growth. Click on the image to listen to the podcast.
Brand Communications CEO Alan Green talks to Fedr8 CEO Damion Greef about Green Rain, the company’s proprietary machine learning engine. Damion explains how Green Rain interrogates software code at a granular level and how the process solves the challenges faced by major institutions when moving legacy applications to the cloud. Damion discusses the the decision to move the current fundraising activities to FCA regulated technology funding specialists Sentient Capital. Click on the image to watch the interview.

This is a financial promotion on behalf of Sentient Capital London Ltd, which is authorised and regulated by Financial Conduct Authority No. 679298If you wish to find out more about the current fundraising round for DragApp and Fedr8, you can request documents from Sentient Capital at the link below

Link here for DragApp and Fedr8 investment documents
Link here to view the DragApp company page
Link here to view the Fedr8 company page

Follow DragApp on Twitter @lovedragapp
For further info on DragApp contact:

Nick Timms, CEO
Tel. 07834349584
Email. nick@dragapp.com

Follow Fedr8 on Twitter @Fedr8
For further info on Fedr8 contact:

Damion Greef, CEO
Tel. 07823328816
Email. info@fedr8.com

Brand Communications
Alan Green
+44 (0)7976 431608
IMPORTANT: This message may contain confidential or legally privileged information, and is intended for the recipient only. If you think it was sent to you by mistake, please delete all copies and contact the sender via email or at the offices above. The email content, comments and views expressed within this correspondence do not necessarily reflect those of Brand Communications, and do not form the basis of any contract or other legal relations with the recipient. Brand Communications is the trading name of Brand UK Ltd, registered in England no. 05644816.
Copyright © 2018 Brand UK Ltd, All rights reserved.

Fedr8 CEO Damion Greef talks to Alan Green about the company’s machine learning technology and the current round of fundraising

Brand Communications CEO Alan Green talks to Fedr8 CEO Damion Greef about Green Rain, the company’s proprietary machine learning engine. Damion explains how Green Rain interrogates software code at a granular level and how the process solves the challenges faced by major institutions when moving legacy applications to the cloud. Damion discusses the the decision to move the current fundraising activities to FCA regulated EIS technology funding specialists Sentient Capital.

Viewers wishing to find out more about the current fundraising round can request documents from Sentient Capital at the link below.

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