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Cadence Minerals #KDNC – Binding Investment to Acquire Interest in former Anglo American Iron Ore Mine, Amapá, NE Brazil

Cadence Minerals (AIM/NEX: KDNC; OTC: KDNCY) is pleased to announce that further to its announcement on the 21 May 2019  it has entered into a binding investment agreement (“the  Agreement”) with Indo Sino Pte. Ltd. (“Indo Sino”) to invest in and acquire up to a 27% interest in the former Anglo American plc (“Anglo American”) and Cliffs Natural Resources (“Cliffs”) Amapá iron ore mine, beneficiation plant, railway and private port (“Amapá Project”) owned by DEV Mineração S.A. (“Amapá”).

Further information on the project is available in the Company’s announcement of the heads of terms in relation to the investment on 21 May 2019 and the terms of the binding investment agreement are consistent with the heads of terms.


Details of the Agreement with Indo Sino

The Agreement with Indo Sino is to invest in and acquire up to a 27% of a joint venture company Pedra Branca Alliance Pte. Ltd. (“JV Co”).  On approval of the Judicial Review Process (“JRP”) and the transfer of equity of Amapá to the JV Co the JV Co will own 99.9% of the Amapá Project. Should Indo Sino seek further investors or an investment in the JV Co the agreement also provides Cadence with a first right of refusal to increase its stake to 49% in the JV Co.

To acquire its 27% interest Cadence will invest US$ 6 million over two stages in JV Co. The first stage is for 20% of the JV Co the consideration for which is US$2.5 million. The second stage of investment is for a further 7% of JV Co for a consideration of US$3.5 million. If Cadence is unable to complete the second stage of the investment or not exercise its right of first refusal under the terms of the Agreement, Indo Sino will have a twelve-month option to buy the shares in JV Co held by Cadence for 1.5 (1 ½) times the price paid by Cadence for such shares.

Cadence’s investment is conditional on several material pre-conditions, which include the grant of key operating licences and the release of bank securities over the asset. On completion of Cadence’s investment (not including the first right of refusal) our joint venture partner Indo Sino will own 73% of JV Co. The Agreement also contains security and default clauses which if triggered causes an upwards adjustment mechanism to allow Cadence to either receive cash from JV Co or receive additional shares in JV Co. In the latter case Cadence’s shareholding in the JV Co will not go above 49.9%.

On completion of the US$ 6 million investment Cadence will have the right to appoint two members to a five-member board with the remaining three comprising of one member jointly appointed by Cadence and Indo Sino and two appointed by Indo Sino.

– Ends –

The information contained within this announcement is deemed by the Company to constitute inside information under the Market Abuse Regulation (EU) No. 596/2014.


For further information:

Cadence Minerals plc

                                                   +44 (0) 207 440 0647

Andrew Suckling

Kiran Morzaria

WH Ireland Limited (NOMAD & Broker)

                                +44 (0) 207 220 1666

James Joyce

James Sinclair-Ford

Novum Securities Limited (Joint Broker)

                                +44 (0) 207 399 9400

Jon Belliss


Qualified Person

Kiran Morzaria B.Eng. (ACSM), MBA, has reviewed and approved the information contained in this announcement. Kiran holds a Bachelor of Engineering (Industrial Geology) from the Camborne School of Mines and an MBA (Finance) from CASS Business School.

Forward-Looking Statements:

Certain statements in this announcement are or may be deemed to be forward-looking statements. Forward-looking statements are identified by their use of terms and phrases such as ”believe” ”could” “should” ”envisage” ”estimate” ”intend” ”may” ”plan” ”will” or the negative of those variations or comparable expressions including references to assumptions. These forward-looking statements are not based on historical facts but rather on the Directors’ current expectations and assumptions regarding the Company’s future growth results of operations performance future capital and other expenditures (including the amount. nature and sources of funding thereof) competitive advantages business prospects and opportunities. Such forward-looking statements reflect the Directors’ current beliefs and assumptions and are based on information currently available to the Directors.  Many factors could cause actual results to differ materially from the results discussed in the forward-looking statements including risks associated with vulnerability to general economic and business conditions competition environmental and other regulatory changes actions by governmental authorities the availability of capital markets reliance on key personnel uninsured and underinsured losses and other factors many of which are beyond the control of the Company. Although any forward-looking statements contained in this announcement are based upon what the Directors believe to be reasonable assumptions. The Company cannot assure investors that actual results will be consistent with such forward-looking statements.

Cadence Minerals #KDNC announces Heads of Terms to Acquire Interest in former Anglo American Iron Ore Mine, Amapá, NE Brazil

Cadence Minerals (AIM/NEX: KDNC; OTC: KDNCY) is pleased to announce that it has entered into a non-binding Heads of Terms (“HOT”) with IndoSino Pte Ltd. (“IndoSino”) to invest in and acquire up to a 27% interest in the former Anglo American plc (“Anglo American”) and Cliffs Natural Resources (“Cliffs”) Amapá iron ore mine, beneficiation plant, railway and private port (“Amapá Project”) owned by DEV Mineração S.A. (“Amapá”).

The Amapá Project is a large-scale iron open pit ore mine with associated rail, port and beneficiation facilities and commenced operations in December 2007.Production increased to 4.8 Mt and 6.1 Mt of iron ore concentrate product in 2011 and 2012 respectively.

The HOT stipulates that Cadence, upon entering into a binding investment agreement, will have the right to acquire 27% of the Amapá Project by investing a total of US$6 million over two stages into a joint venture company, Pedra Branca Alliance Pte Ltd. (“PBA”). Cadence’s investment is conditional, amongst other matters, on the approval of a judicial restructuring plan (“JRP”) submitted by Cadence and IndoSino to the Sao Paulo Commercial Court in Brazil, the transfer of 99.9% of the issued share capital of Amapá to PBA and Cadence raising the required finance. Cadence is in discussions with potential strategic investors to fund all or part of this investment via equity.

Cadence is currently finalising the terms of the binding investment agreement, which is expected to be entered into shortly.


  • The Amapá Project is a large-scale open pit iron ore mine with associated rail, port and beneficiation facilities and is located in the Amapá state, north-east, Brazil.
  • Prior to its sale in 2012 Anglo American valued its 70% stake in the Amapá Project at US$866 million (100% 1.2 billion) and after impairment valued it at  US $462m in its 2012 Annual Report ( 100% US $600m) [1]
  • During its operation the mine generated an annual operating profit of up to U$171 million (100%)[2].
  • The total historic mineral resource contains an estimated 348 million tonnes (“Mt”) of ore @ 38.9% iron content (“Fe”)[3]
  • The ore is beneficiated to 65% Fe Pellet Feed and 62% Fe Spiral Concentrate.
  • Based on available historic mine plans and an independent consultant review it is expected that at full production the Amapá Project has a mine life of 14 years and at full capacity is targeting to produce up to 5.3 Mt of Iron Ore per annum.
  • Initial revenue from the project is anticpated to start in Q4 2019 from the sale of the iron ore stockpile currently located at the Port of Santana , Brazil.
  • Potential for the mine and existing infrastructure to be brought to market swiftly with mining and processing anticipated to restart in 2021 subject to the grant of the necessary permits, regulatory consents and project financing.
  • Cadence is able to acquire a significant share of the mine (up to 27% of the issued share capital of PBA) for a staged equity investment of US$ 6 million and has a first right of refusal to acquire up to 49%.
  • 65% Iron Ore (CFR) North China have increased from US$95.95 per dry metric tonne (“$/dmt”) to US$111.90 / dmt since early September 2018 to the middle of May 2019[4]

Cadence Minerals CEO Kiran Morzaria commented: 

“It is rare in our industry to be presented with an opportunity to put forward a relatively modest investment to participate in such a project that we believe provides us with a potentially transformative asset for our Company. The Amapá Project gives Cadence the potential for an exceptional ROI in the run up to full production and an opportunity to become a significant shareholder in a mid tier iron ore producer. “

“Our participation in the project has been ongoing for some 9 months, involving an extensive and comprehensive due diligence process. Through this we have gained a thorough understanding of the judicial restructuring process, and along with IndoSino, we have submitted the Judicial Restructuring Plan to the courts in Brazil”

“Given the nature of the asset the capital costs are estimated to be substantially lower than would be normally associated with developing a similar sized project from scratch. As the project restarts operations, it is hoped it can move rapidly forward to revenue generation by Q4 2019, and to see the mine fully operational in 2021.”

“On behalf of myself and the Cadence team, we are wholly enthused by the opportunity the Amapá Project presents, and we are excited by the prospect of restarting mining operations.”

The Project

As part of its due diligence and assessment Cadence has carried out multiple site visits and commissioned SRK Consulting to provide it with a high-level review of the Amapá Project. This review was based on a site visit, historical analysis and the review of technical independent engineers reports published 2013 and 2015. It should be noted that this review provides a basis for a preliminary assessment of the project and its potential but further, more detailed reviews and analysis would be required to provide a Pre-Feasibility Study level report. This would include amongst other things, providing a current Mineral Resource Estimate and/or Ore Reserves, updated capital and operating costs and an independent assessment of key economic drivers and returns.

The Amapá Project consists of an open pit iron ore mine, railway and port facility and is located in Amapá State, northeast Brazil. The Amapá mine site, forming part of the Amapá Project, is located near the towns of Pedra Branca do Amapári, and Serra do Navio, approximately 200km northwest of Macapa.

The Amapá Project has minerals rights over 5,556 hectares comprising three separate mining licenses and an exploration permit. The historic Mineral Resource contained within the licenses is of some 348 Mt at 38.9% Fe. A summary of the historic Mineral Resources from 2012 is tabulated below.

Classification Tonnes (Mt) Fe(%)
Measured 62.9 39.7%
Indicated 233.4 39.2%
Measured and Indicated 296.3 39.2%
Inferred 52.3 37.0%
Total 348.6 38.9%

Table 1 – 100 per cent. Amapá project historic resource table at 25% Fe(T) cut-off for December 2012 (Source Anglo American.)

It should be noted that the Minerals Resource was assessed by Anglo American as at the 31 December 2012 (Annual Report 2012, Anglo American, p.198) and was prepared under the Australasian Code for Reporting of Exploration Resources and Ore Reserves 2004 edition (“JORC”). Given the passage of time this assessment is not valid under JORC. Further work and assessment would need to be undertaken to assess and update any current Mineral Resource or Ore Reserve.

Based on available historic mine plans and the independent engineers review the JV partners current mine plan envisages a mine life of 14 years. Management estimate prior to the start of mining the Amapá Project will also ship the iron ore stockpiles held at the dock which is estimated to start in Q4 of this year and continue for two years . The mine is open pit and has a planned strip ratio of 0.9:1.

The beneficiation plant consists of a crushing circuit followed by screening, flotation, thickener and filtering to produce 65% Fe Pellet Feed in addition the plant produces a 62% Fe Spiral Concentrate. The current mine plan would mean that the Amapá Project would produce at steady state production an estimated 4.4 Mt of 65% Fe and 0.9 Mt of 62% Fe per annum.

The intention is that these products would then be transported from the mine to the railhead by on-highway trucks along an unpaved road, a road haul distance of 13km. From the railhead, the products would then be transported 180km by rail to the port facility at Santana. The products would then be stockpiled at the port facility and mechanically loaded onto “Handymax” vessels which navigate the Amazon River out to sea and then transported onto larger “Capesize” vessels before the products are sold to the market. The products produced by the Amapá Project are well known in the market, especially in China where most of the historic production was sold.

Operational Plan

On approval of the JRP by the creditors of the Amapá Project and the satisfaction of the conditions precedent, which includes the grant of operating licences and regulatory consents, shipping of the Iron Ore at stockpile will commence as soon as possible. Based on our current understandings of the JRP timings, it is anticipated this is targeted to commence in Q4 2019.

Cadence’s investment will provide the initial working capital and will be utilised to complete a detailed recommissioning study and pay some of the historic creditors. The recommissioning study will provide definitive operating and capital expenditure numbers and a timeline for recommissioning. The remainder of the required capital expenditure and working capital is expected to be raised predominantly from project debt. Full recommissioning is estimated to take 12-18 months with mining production targeted to start in 2021.

Details of the Heads of Terms with IndoSino

Cadence has agreed HOT with IndoSino to acquire up to 27% of the joint venture company that on approval of the JRP and transfer of equity to PBA will own 99.9% of the Amapá Project. Should IndoSino seek further investors or investment in PBA the agreement also provides Cadence with a first right of refusal to increase its stake to 49% in PBA. To acquire its 27% interest Cadence will invest US$ 6 million over two stages in the joint venture company, Pedra Branca Alliance Pty Ltd. (“JV Co”). The first stage is for 20% of the JV Co the consideration for which is US$2.5 million, the second stage of investment is for a further 7% of JV Co for a consideration of US$3.5 million.

Cadence’s investment is conditional on several material pre-conditions, which include the grant of key operating licences, and On completion of Cadence’s investment (not including the first right of refusal) our joint venture partner IndoSino will own 73% of JV Co by assigning its registered creditor rights and pledge over three iron ore stockpiles it holds in the Amapá Project to PBA. There are conditions precedent to Cadence’s investment which mirror the conditions set out in the JRP this ensures that its investment risk is substantially mitigated.

Details of the JRP

In advance of entering into the investment agreement, Cadence has agreed that Amapa may make its original application to the court to commence the approval of the JRP. Notwithstanding the JRP naming Cadence within its application, Cadence is not directly a party to the JRP but is in regular consultation with Amapa.

Cadence and IndoSino have submitted a JRP to the Commercial Court of São Paulo. This plan sets out how and under what terms Cadence and IndoSino will invest via PBA in the Amapá Project and if approved by creditors will mean that PBA will own 99.9% of the Amapá Project. Given that there were no other valid plans submitted and the JRP was similar to a previously approved plan, the Directors believe that the JRP will be approved by the creditors.

The JRP is part of a regulated process under the laws of Brazil, in which the company under judicial review and investors can submit a recovery plan which will allow the company under judicial review, in this case the Amapá, to trade under a protected status while it recovers from its financial difficulties. The JRP provides a defined schedule of the payment of historic creditors. The JRP schedule contemplates the majority of the historic liabilities will be paid from free cash flow in years 7 to year 17 of operations which represents a discounted NPV10 debt value of approximately US$106 million.

The plan requires approval by  a general meeting of the creditors and once approved the company can continue to operate and trade under the protection of the JRP. At this point in time this meeting is expected to occur by the end of June 2019.

History of the Amapá Project

The Amapá Project commenced operations in December 2007 with first production of iron ore concentrate product of 712 kt in 2008.

In 2008 Anglo American (70%) and Cliffs (30%) acquired the Amapá Project in 2008 as part of a larger package of mining assets in Brazil.

Production steadily increased to 4.8 Mt and 6.1 Mt of iron ore concentrate product in 2011 and 2012 respectively.  During this period Anglo American report operating profits from their 70% ownership in the Amapá Project of US$120 million (100% US$171 million) and US$54 million (100% US$ 77 million)[5]

Prior to its sale in 2012 Anglo American valued it’s 70% stake in Amapá Project at US$866 million (100% 1.2 billion) it impaired the asset in its 2012 Annual Accounts to US$ 462 million (100% US$ 660 million[6]

In March 2013, before the acquisition was completed the port facility suffered a ground failure which interrupted production and mining subsequently ceased in March 2014. Anglo American completed the sale in November 2013[7].  During 2014, reconstruction work commenced at the port with some iron ore concentrate product being shipped during Dec 2013 and into 2014, via an interim barging solution The Amapá Project borrowed US$135 million senior debt from a banking group led by Intesa São Paulo and rebuilt 70% of the port.

Amapá filed for judicial protection in August 2015 in Brazil and mining ceased at the Amapá Project. In April 2017, a group agreed to invest via a creditor approved judicial review plan. However, the transaction was never completed, and Amapá was placed under judicial protection once again. A judicial order offered investors and creditors the opportunity to file a revised JRP. Cadence and IndoSino have taken the opportunity to file a revised JRP, as described above.

#KDNC – Supply Disruptions Raise Morningstar Near-Term Iron Ore Price Forecasts


Near-term tightness in the iron ore market has persisted and intensified, with several developments in Brazil further restricting  Vale’s (VALE)supply and Cyclone Veronica off Australia interrupting Pilbara shipments. We’ve factored in a reduction of another 20 million tonnes in Vale’s output in 2019 and 10 million tonnes in 2020. We now expect Vale to produce 350 million tonnes in 2019 and 370 million tonnes in 2020, down from an estimated 390 million tonnes in 2018. For  Rio Tinto (RIO),  BHP (BHP), and Fortescue, we’ve lowered our forecasts by 10 million tonnes in total for 2019 due to the cyclone. The estimated 30 million tonnes of lost supply from Vale and the Pilbara in 2019 is a more than 1% reduction to the seaborne iron ore market.

Disruptions mean that higher-cost iron ore is needed to balance the market, such as from domestic mines in China. The iron ore price has averaged $83 per tonne year to date, well ahead of our prior $65 per tonne forecast for 2019. Accordingly, we are raising our near-term iron ore forecasts to $73 in 2019, $60 in 2020, and $50 per tonne in 2021. Our prior forecasts were $65 in 2019, $55 in 2020, and $40 per tonne in 2021. Our unchanged $40 per tonne long-term forecast now starts a year later, in 2022.

All major iron ore miners we cover benefit from the higher price forecasts, including Vale. However, for Vale, there’s uncertainty around the cost to rectify the Feijao dam failure and compensate the victims as well as legal action that may affect the operation of other mines. Fortescue benefits most because it’s an iron ore pure play and has lower margins than BHP or Rio Tinto, which brings greater leverage to the price.

We’ve not changed our $40 per tonne long-term forecast, given the relative flatness of the iron ore cost curve inside the steep tail of smaller-scale and marginal producers, most which we eventually expect to exit. Disruptions to Vale’s supply should resolve within the next few years. In terms of iron ore supply additions, the lost output from Vale, including Samarco, should come back in the medium term. The S11D project should also expand to reach capacity over the next few years. BHP and Rio Tinto should grow modestly as those companies reach their installed capacities.  Anglo American’s (NGLOY) Minas Rio mine in Brazil should add more than 20 million tonnes per year after being shut to rectify slurry pipeline leaks. Most of the additional output from Anglo will come in 2019. From a disrupted 2019 base of about 350 million tonnes, we expect Vale’s output to grow to around 425 million tonnes a year from 2023…..

Link to Morningstar for full article here

Ian Pollard – Your Dominos #DOM Christmas – 12 Pizzas A Second

Dominos Pizza Grp DOM saw fourth quarter sales for the 13 weeks to the 30th December produce a strong performance in the UK but with some weakness internationally. Group organic system sales rose by 5.8% compared to 1.6% for international system sales. UK system sales rose by 6% and the company enjoyed its busiest week ever in the run-up to Christmas. For the statistically minded the Friday before Christmas broke all records with more than 535,000 pizzas sold, – equal to 12 every second. The UK delivered food market is described as vibrant is expected to grow at a compound rate of 8% a year to 2022.

Anglo American plc The value of rough diamond sales  for De Beers’ first sales cycle of 2019 fell from $672m in the first cycle of 2018 to $505 million, due to higher than normal sales in the previous cycle (cycle 10 2018).

Crest Nicolson Hdgs CRST has faced some challenges in London and with sales at higher price points due to political and economic uncertainty which has adversely impacted customer demand. The impact is likely to continue pending Brexit resolution. Well that’s good at least it shows there is nothing wrong with management. its all due to external causes beyond their control.There is just one little problem in that pre tax profits fell by 15% to £176.4m. From memory I can not remember quite how that compares to the other housebuilders but perhap[s they were not quite as exposed to political and economc uncertainty or the impact of Brexit. It has however revented them from hiking the dividend which is being maintained at 33%. Forward sales were however up by 11% as at mid January.

Royal Mail Group RMG in the 9 months to the 23rd December the parcels business continued to perform well, with volumes and revenue both up 6% and GLS delivered another good performance with revenue up 13%. Total letter revenue fell 6% but overall group revenue rose by 2%. The outlook and other guidance for 2018-19 remain unchanged

PZ Cussons plc PZC On a like for like basis the figures for the half year to the 30th November were not all that brilliant. Cconditions in Nigeria remained extremely challenging and continued to have a significant negative impact on the overall Group performance.On a statutory basis revenue was down 10.4% and profit before tax by 20%. The interim dividend remains at 2.67p per share.

Beachfront villas & houses for sale in Greece;   http://www.hiddengreece.net

David Paul of Vectorvest on Core Finance TV – Waiting for confirmation of a bottom in the Stock Market, plus #AAL, #RIO, #ELA, #PSON

Dr David Paul of Vectorvest appears with Nick ‘Moose” Batsford on Core Finance TV. Subject: Waiting for confirmation of a bottom in the Stock Market. Stocks covered include Anglo American (AAL), Rio Tinto (RIO), Eland Oil & Gas #ELA and Pearson #PSON. “Never let a good crisis go to waste”.

David Paul of VectorVest discusses market timing, #GKP, #PSN, #AAL, #KAZ & #CWK on Core Finance

David Paul of VectorVest discusses market timing, Gulf Keystone #GKP, Persimmon #PSN, Anglo American #AAL, #KAZ Minerals & Cranswick #CWK with Nick ‘Moose’ Batsford of Core Finance.


Redrow Admits To Decades Of Under Supply

Redrow RDW managed to increase its average selling price in 2016 by over 10% which is not bad going in an economy parts of which are struggling with price deflation.  Redrow blames the continuing housing boom on decades of under supply, which raises the question of course as to why Redrow and all the other house builders kept the market under supplied for all those years. Why didn’t they build the number of houses which the market needed.

2016 pre tax profits are expected to beat analysts estimates. Private reservations rose by 46% and at the end of June the private order book was up by over 50% on a year ago. Annual turnover rose by 20% and legal completions by 17%.

Carpetright CPR Statutory profit before tax for the year to 30th April soared by 137% and basic earnings per share by 198%.  Despite a reduction of 5.4% in store space, revenue for the year only fell by 1.3%.  UK like for like sales rose by 2.8% whilst Europe did even better with a 4.8% rise. New store format and branding was completed within the year.  The current year got of to a very bad start in May with like for like sales collapsing by 7./6% but they recovered in June with a rise of 6.3%. No doubt we will read in the not too distant future about market volatility and challenging conditions.

Ocado OCDO Price deflation took its toll during the half year to 15th May, with the value of the average basket down by 2.2%. Volumes including Morrisons, on the other hand were up by 30% and the number of orders rose by 17.8% to 225,000 per week., which Ocado claims is steady progress.

Anglo American plc AAL De Beers saw a fall in sales in its 5th cycle of 2016 but claims it was nothing more than expected. Despite stable prices, it remains cautious about the future.

Fastjet FJET finds that the trading environment is still challenging with passenger numbers lower than expected and the load factor down to 47%.  The board believes that the new CEO will give the group a viable and attractive future but none of the present members seem to think that the mess created by their governance is anything for which they can be blamed.

Find Villas & Houses For Sale In Greece;   http://www.hiddengreece.net

Markets could continue to rise anyway irrespective of referendum result – Brand Communications

Alan Green, CEO of Brand Communications is interviewed by Mike Ingram in the TipTV VIP area at the Master Investor show. Pointing to an impressive recovery in mining stocks in last couple of months, Green said rally in heavyweight stocks like Anglo American (AAL), Rio Tinto (RIO), and BHP Billiton (BLT) were also igniting small miners. Regarding Brexit, Green said markets could continue to rise regardless of the vote and added that he does not see a major sell-off even if Britons vote in favor of Brexit.

Alan Green discusses IMC Exploration (IMCP), Andalas Energy (ADL) & more on VOX Markets podcast.

Brand CEO Alan Green discusses IMC Exploration (IMCP), Andalas Energy & Power (ADL), plus Anglo American (AAL) and Rio Tinto (RIO) with Justin Waite on the VOX Markets podcast. The interview is 19 minutes 40 seconds in. Click here to listen.

Alan Green & Zak Mir discuss AAL, BARC & TYM on TipTV

Zak Mir, Technical Analyst for Zak’s Traders Cafe, was alongside Alan Green, CEO for Brand Communications, when he opened the Tip TV Finance Show to discuss the outlook for a variety of stocks, as well as the chance of a UK rate rise and the weakness in the banking sector. Stocks discussed include Anglo American (AAL), Barclays (BARC) & Tertiary Minerals (TYM).

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